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Reaction between CH3O2 and BrO Radicals: a new source of upper troposphere lower stratosphere hydroxyl radicals

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  • Dudley E. Shallcross
  • Kimberley E. Leather
  • Asan Bacak
  • Ping Xiao
  • Edmond P. F. Lee
  • Maggie Ng
  • Daniel K. W. Mok
  • John M. Dyke
  • Ryan Hossaini
  • Martyn P. Chipperfield
  • M. Anwar H. Khan
  • Carl J. Percival
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>14/05/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number19
Volume119
Number of pages15
Pages (from-to)4618-4632
Publication statusPublished
Early online date13/03/15
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Over the last two decades it has emerged that measured hydroxyl radical levels in the upper troposphere are often underestimated by models, leading to the assertion that there are missing sources. Here we report laboratory studies of the kinetics and products of the reaction between CH3O2 and BrO radicals that shows that this could be an important new source of hydroxyl radicals:BrO + CH3O2 --> products (1). The temperature dependent value in Arrhenius form of k(T) is k(1) = (2.42(-0.72)(+1.02)) X 10(-14) exp[(1617 +/- 94)/T] cm(3) molecule(-1) s(-1). In addition, CH2OO and HOBr are believed to he the major products. Global model results suggest that the decomposition of H2COO to form OH could lead to an enhancement in OH of up to 20% in mid-latitudes in the upper troposphere and in the lower stratosphere enhancements OH of 2-9% are inferred from model integrations. In addition, reaction 1 aids conversion of BrO to HOBr and slows polar ozone loss in the lower stratosphere.