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Repetitive single vortex-loop creation by a vibrating wire in superfluid He-3-B

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date7/02/2000
JournalPhysical review letters
Journal number6
Volume84
Number of pages4
Pages1252-1255
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Spectacular features are observed on the velocity-force characteristics of a vibrating wire resonator in superfluid He-3-B at ultralow temperatures. Both plateaus and discontinuities are seen in the characteristics. The plateaus seem to have two separate critical velocities where first some "event" occurs, which causes the wire to lose energy and slow down, followed bpa second lower critical velocity where the event decouples. It is suggested that these events are due to vortex-loop creation at protuberances on the vibrating wire. This opens up the possibility of controlling the creation of vorticity through specially prepared protuberances.