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Sap fluxes from different parts of the rootzone modulate xylem ABA concentration during partial rootzone drying and re-wetting

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>04/2015
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Experimental Botany
Issue number8
Volume66
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)2315-2324
Publication statusPublished
Early online date4/03/15
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Previous studies with partial rootzone drying (PRD) irrigation demonstrated that alternating the wet and dry parts of the rootzone (PRD-Alternated) increased leaf xylem ABA concentration ([X-ABA](leaf)) compared with maintaining the same wet and dry parts of the rootzone (PRD-Fixed). To determine the relative contributions of different parts of the rootzone to this ABA signal, [X-ABA](leaf) of potted, split-root tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants was modelled by quantifying the proportional water uptake from different soil compartments, and [X-ABA](leaf) responses to the entire pot soil-water content (theta(pot)). Continuously measuring soil-moisture depletion by, or sap fluxes from, different parts of the root system revealed that water uptake rapidly declined (within hours) after withholding water from part of the rootzone, but was rapidly restored (within minutes) upon re-watering. Two hours after re-watering part of the rootzone, [X-ABA](leaf) was equally well predicted according to sigma(pot) alone and by accounting for the proportional water uptake from different parts of the rootzone. Six hours after re-watering part of the rootzone, water uptake by roots in drying soil was minimal and, instead, occurred mainly from the newly irrigated part of the rootzone, thus [X-ABA](leaf) was best predicted by accounting for the proportional water uptake from different parts of the rootzone. Contrary to previous results, alternating the wet and dry parts of the rootzone did not enhance [X-ABA](leaf) compared with PRD-Fixed irrigation. Further work is required to establish whether altered root-to-shoot ABA signalling contributes to the improved yields of crops grown with alternate, rather than fixed, PRD.