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Spectral components of heart rate variability determined by wavelet analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date11/2000
JournalPhysiological Measurement
Journal number4
Volume21
Number of pages17
Pages441-457
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Spectral components of heart rate variability (HRV) are determined in the time-frequency domain using a wavelet transform. Based on the finer estimation of low-frequency content enabled by the logarithmic resolution of the wavelet transform, corrections of spectral intervals, already defined by Fourier and model based methods, are proposed. The characteristic peaks between 0.0095 and 0.6, Hz. are traced in time and four spectral intervals are defined, I(0.0095-0.021 Hz), II (0.021-0.052 Hz), III (0.052-0.145 Hz) and IV (0.145-0.6 Hz), within which peaks are located for all subjects included. These intervals are shown to be invariant regardless of the age and the state of the system. We also show that the frequency and power of the spectral components are related to age, AMI and particularly to type II diabetes mellitus.