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The 750 GeV resonance as non-minimally coupled inflaton: unitarity violation and why the resonance is a real singlet scalar

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>10/10/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Physics Letters B
Volume761
Number of pages4
Pages (from-to)408-411
Publication statusPublished
Early online date29/08/16
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The 750 GeV resonance observed by ATLAS and CMS may be explained by a gauge singlet scalar. This would provide an ideal candidate for a gauge singlet scalar alternative to Higgs Inflation, known as S-inflation. Here we discuss the relevant results of S-inflation in the context of the 750 GeV resonance. In particular, we show that a singlet scalar, if it is real, has a major advantage over the Higgs boson with regard to unitarity violation during inflation. This is because it is possible to restrict the large non-minimal coupling required for inflation, ξ∼105ξ∼105, to the real singlet scalar, with all other scalars having ξ∼1ξ∼1. In this case the scale of unitarity violation Λ is much larger than the inflaton field during inflation. This protects the inflaton effective potential from modification by the new physics or strong coupling which is necessary to restore unitarity, which would otherwise invalidate the perturbative effective potential based on Standard Model physics. This is in contrast to the case of Higgs Inflation or models based on complex singlet scalars, where the unitarity violation scale during inflation is less than or of the order of the inflaton field. Therefore if the 750 GeV resonance is the inflaton, it must be a non-minimally coupled real singlet scalar.