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  • JARID Employment and Health Manuscript PURE

    Rights statement: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Robertson, J, Beyer, S, Emerson, E, Baines, S, Hatton, C. The association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review. J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2019; 32: 1335– 1348. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12632 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jar.12632 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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The association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities: a systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/11/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities
Issue number6
Volume32
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)1335-1348
Publication statusPublished
Early online date10/06/19
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Background: 

There is strong evidence indicating that paid employment is generally good for the physical and mental health of the general population. This systematic review considers the association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities. 

Methods: 

Studies published from 1990 to 2018 were identified via electronic literature databases, email requests and cross-citations. Identified studies were reviewed narratively. 

Results:

Twelve studies were identified. Studies were generally consistent in reporting an association between being in paid employment and better physical or mental health status. 

Conclusions:

This review supports the view that the well-established association between employment and better health is similar for adults with and without intellectual disabilities. However, evidence establishing causality is lacking and further research to determine specific health benefits attributable to employment for people with intellectual disabilities and the causal pathways that operate is required.

Bibliographic note

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Robertson, J, Beyer, S, Emerson, E, Baines, S, Hatton, C. The association between employment and the health of people with intellectual disabilities: A systematic review. J Appl Res Intellect Disabil. 2019; 32: 1335– 1348. https://doi.org/10.1111/jar.12632 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jar.12632 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.