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The Bounds of Cognitive Heuristic Performance on the Geographic Profiling Task

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

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The Bounds of Cognitive Heuristic Performance on the Geographic Profiling Task. / Taylor, Paul J.; Bennell, Craig; Snook, Brent.

In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 23, No. 3, 04.2009, p. 410-430.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Taylor, PJ, Bennell, C & Snook, B 2009, 'The Bounds of Cognitive Heuristic Performance on the Geographic Profiling Task', Applied Cognitive Psychology, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 410-430. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.1469

APA

Taylor, P. J., Bennell, C., & Snook, B. (2009). The Bounds of Cognitive Heuristic Performance on the Geographic Profiling Task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 23(3), 410-430. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.1469

Vancouver

Author

Taylor, Paul J. ; Bennell, Craig ; Snook, Brent. / The Bounds of Cognitive Heuristic Performance on the Geographic Profiling Task. In: Applied Cognitive Psychology. 2009 ; Vol. 23, No. 3. pp. 410-430.

Bibtex

@article{a7f94be2bf64489d8a4b09bae6e62e9b,
title = "The Bounds of Cognitive Heuristic Performance on the Geographic Profiling Task",
abstract = "Human performance on the geographic profiling task-where the goal is to predict an offender's home location from their crime locations-has been shown to equal that of complex actuarial methods when it is based oil appropriate heuristics. However, this evidence is derived front comparisons of 'X-marks-the-spot' predictions, which ignore the fact that sonic algorithms provide a prioritization of the offender's area of spatial activity. Using search area as a measure of performance, we examine the predictions of students (N=200) and an actuarial method under three levels of information load and two levels of heuristic-environment fit. Results show that the actuarial method produces a smaller search area than a concentric search outward from Students' 'X-marks-the-spot' predictions, but that students are able to produce search areas that are smaller than those provided by the actuarial method. Students' performance did not decrease under greater information load and was not improved by adding a descriptive qualifier to the taught heuristic. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.",
keywords = "DECISION-MAKING, INFORMATION, FRUGAL, HOME, PRIORITIZATION, ATTENTION, CHOICE",
author = "Taylor, {Paul J.} and Craig Bennell and Brent Snook",
year = "2009",
month = apr
doi = "10.1002/acp.1469",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "410--430",
journal = "Applied Cognitive Psychology",
issn = "0888-4080",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Bounds of Cognitive Heuristic Performance on the Geographic Profiling Task

AU - Taylor, Paul J.

AU - Bennell, Craig

AU - Snook, Brent

PY - 2009/4

Y1 - 2009/4

N2 - Human performance on the geographic profiling task-where the goal is to predict an offender's home location from their crime locations-has been shown to equal that of complex actuarial methods when it is based oil appropriate heuristics. However, this evidence is derived front comparisons of 'X-marks-the-spot' predictions, which ignore the fact that sonic algorithms provide a prioritization of the offender's area of spatial activity. Using search area as a measure of performance, we examine the predictions of students (N=200) and an actuarial method under three levels of information load and two levels of heuristic-environment fit. Results show that the actuarial method produces a smaller search area than a concentric search outward from Students' 'X-marks-the-spot' predictions, but that students are able to produce search areas that are smaller than those provided by the actuarial method. Students' performance did not decrease under greater information load and was not improved by adding a descriptive qualifier to the taught heuristic. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

AB - Human performance on the geographic profiling task-where the goal is to predict an offender's home location from their crime locations-has been shown to equal that of complex actuarial methods when it is based oil appropriate heuristics. However, this evidence is derived front comparisons of 'X-marks-the-spot' predictions, which ignore the fact that sonic algorithms provide a prioritization of the offender's area of spatial activity. Using search area as a measure of performance, we examine the predictions of students (N=200) and an actuarial method under three levels of information load and two levels of heuristic-environment fit. Results show that the actuarial method produces a smaller search area than a concentric search outward from Students' 'X-marks-the-spot' predictions, but that students are able to produce search areas that are smaller than those provided by the actuarial method. Students' performance did not decrease under greater information load and was not improved by adding a descriptive qualifier to the taught heuristic. Copyright (C) 2008 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

KW - DECISION-MAKING

KW - INFORMATION

KW - FRUGAL

KW - HOME

KW - PRIORITIZATION

KW - ATTENTION

KW - CHOICE

U2 - 10.1002/acp.1469

DO - 10.1002/acp.1469

M3 - Journal article

VL - 23

SP - 410

EP - 430

JO - Applied Cognitive Psychology

JF - Applied Cognitive Psychology

SN - 0888-4080

IS - 3

ER -