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The complexity of nurses' attitudes and practice of sedation at the end of life: a systematic literature review

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The complexity of nurses' attitudes and practice of sedation at the end of life : a systematic literature review. / Abarshi, Ebun A; Papavasiliou, Evie; Preston, Nancy; Brown, Jayne; Payne, Sheila; EURO IMPACT.

In: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, Vol. 47, No. 5, 05.2014, p. 915-925.

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@article{a2122ddf2e4b42df9eb8b8095657554f,
title = "The complexity of nurses' attitudes and practice of sedation at the end of life: a systematic literature review",
abstract = "ContextSedation is administered to some palliative care patients at the end of their life. Nurses play an important role in this practice.ObjectivesTo systematically review the evidence on nurses' attitudes and practice of end-of-life sedation.MethodsWe searched eight electronic databases, four key palliative care journals, and reference lists for empirical studies published in English, between 1990 and 2012, on nurses and their attitudes toward and practice of sedation until a patient's death. A total of 10 studies met the inclusion criteria.ResultsData were generated from 7515 nurses in four main settings (specialized palliative care unit, home, nursing home, and acute hospital) from seven countries (Belgium, Canada, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, U.K., and U.S.). On average, the quality of the evidence was good; hence, we analyzed all selected studies. Based on the findings from a previous review, we categorized the emerging themes into: 1) important factors leading to the patient receiving palliative sedation (PS), 2) nurses' attitudes toward PS, and 3) nurses' experience of PS at the end of a patient's life. In general, nurses had a positive but cautious attitude toward the practice of PS. Most saw it as a last resort treatment for relieving suffering and refractory symptoms, and its practice was often influenced by their level of education, expertise, and the roles they played per setting.ConclusionMost nurses administered sedation until death only within the given circumstances because of the anticipatory benefits in controlling refractory symptoms and suffering. Some of them experienced burdens during PS delivery; these could be supported by operational guidelines and task-related training.",
keywords = "Nurses, deep sedation, continuous sedation, palliative sedation, attitudes, practice , review",
author = "Abarshi, {Ebun A} and Evie Papavasiliou and Nancy Preston and Jayne Brown and Sheila Payne and {EURO IMPACT}",
note = "Copyright {\textcopyright} 2013 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2014",
month = may,
doi = "10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2013.06.011",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "915--925",
journal = "Journal of Pain and Symptom Management",
issn = "0885-3924",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The complexity of nurses' attitudes and practice of sedation at the end of life

T2 - a systematic literature review

AU - Abarshi, Ebun A

AU - Papavasiliou, Evie

AU - Preston, Nancy

AU - Brown, Jayne

AU - Payne, Sheila

AU - EURO IMPACT

N1 - Copyright © 2013 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2014/5

Y1 - 2014/5

N2 - ContextSedation is administered to some palliative care patients at the end of their life. Nurses play an important role in this practice.ObjectivesTo systematically review the evidence on nurses' attitudes and practice of end-of-life sedation.MethodsWe searched eight electronic databases, four key palliative care journals, and reference lists for empirical studies published in English, between 1990 and 2012, on nurses and their attitudes toward and practice of sedation until a patient's death. A total of 10 studies met the inclusion criteria.ResultsData were generated from 7515 nurses in four main settings (specialized palliative care unit, home, nursing home, and acute hospital) from seven countries (Belgium, Canada, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, U.K., and U.S.). On average, the quality of the evidence was good; hence, we analyzed all selected studies. Based on the findings from a previous review, we categorized the emerging themes into: 1) important factors leading to the patient receiving palliative sedation (PS), 2) nurses' attitudes toward PS, and 3) nurses' experience of PS at the end of a patient's life. In general, nurses had a positive but cautious attitude toward the practice of PS. Most saw it as a last resort treatment for relieving suffering and refractory symptoms, and its practice was often influenced by their level of education, expertise, and the roles they played per setting.ConclusionMost nurses administered sedation until death only within the given circumstances because of the anticipatory benefits in controlling refractory symptoms and suffering. Some of them experienced burdens during PS delivery; these could be supported by operational guidelines and task-related training.

AB - ContextSedation is administered to some palliative care patients at the end of their life. Nurses play an important role in this practice.ObjectivesTo systematically review the evidence on nurses' attitudes and practice of end-of-life sedation.MethodsWe searched eight electronic databases, four key palliative care journals, and reference lists for empirical studies published in English, between 1990 and 2012, on nurses and their attitudes toward and practice of sedation until a patient's death. A total of 10 studies met the inclusion criteria.ResultsData were generated from 7515 nurses in four main settings (specialized palliative care unit, home, nursing home, and acute hospital) from seven countries (Belgium, Canada, Japan, The Netherlands, Norway, U.K., and U.S.). On average, the quality of the evidence was good; hence, we analyzed all selected studies. Based on the findings from a previous review, we categorized the emerging themes into: 1) important factors leading to the patient receiving palliative sedation (PS), 2) nurses' attitudes toward PS, and 3) nurses' experience of PS at the end of a patient's life. In general, nurses had a positive but cautious attitude toward the practice of PS. Most saw it as a last resort treatment for relieving suffering and refractory symptoms, and its practice was often influenced by their level of education, expertise, and the roles they played per setting.ConclusionMost nurses administered sedation until death only within the given circumstances because of the anticipatory benefits in controlling refractory symptoms and suffering. Some of them experienced burdens during PS delivery; these could be supported by operational guidelines and task-related training.

KW - Nurses

KW - deep sedation

KW - continuous sedation

KW - palliative sedation

KW - attitudes

KW - practice

KW - review

U2 - 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2013.06.011

DO - 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2013.06.011

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24075400

VL - 47

SP - 915

EP - 925

JO - Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

JF - Journal of Pain and Symptom Management

SN - 0885-3924

IS - 5

ER -