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The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way

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The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way. / Jenkins, Andrew; Wragg, Florence; Butterworth, Joshua; Edwards, James; O'Neill, Claire; Gough, Joe; Sobral, David.

In: Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro), Vol. 1, 07.06.2019, p. 21-38.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Harvard

Jenkins, A, Wragg, F, Butterworth, J, Edwards, J, O'Neill, C, Gough, J & Sobral, D 2019, 'The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way', Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro), vol. 1, pp. 21-38.

APA

Jenkins, A., Wragg, F., Butterworth, J., Edwards, J., O'Neill, C., Gough, J., & Sobral, D. (2019). The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way. Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro), 1, 21-38.

Vancouver

Jenkins A, Wragg F, Butterworth J, Edwards J, O'Neill C, Gough J et al. The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way. Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro). 2019 Jun 7;1:21-38.

Author

Jenkins, Andrew ; Wragg, Florence ; Butterworth, Joshua ; Edwards, James ; O'Neill, Claire ; Gough, Joe ; Sobral, David. / The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way. In: Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro). 2019 ; Vol. 1. pp. 21-38.

Bibtex

@article{ee88cb61a9cd4f588f7b1675b7fa6b90,
title = "The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way",
abstract = "By boldly looking where no one has looked before, this study surveyed a volume within the Milky Way halo to discover population III stars or their direct descendants. A cat- alogue of 123,505 sources was obtained by surveying the COSMOS field with the WFC and the NB392 filter (λc=3918 ̊A, ∆λ=52 ̊A), sensitive to CaHK. A star-galaxy cut was devised from samples of confirmed stars and galaxies based on spectroscopic redshifts and the apparent optical and infra-red colours of the samples, with a completeness and contamination of 75.3% and 6.1% respectively. The catalogue was reduced to 338 potential stars by introducing a limiting magnitude of 24.7, making it 5-7 magni- tudes deeper than the Pristine survey and corresponding to a limiting distance of 166 kpc for G-type stars. This survey covered 1.89 deg2, corresponding to volumes from (1.89 × 108)pc3 to (8.55 × 1016)pc3 from spectral types M to O. Stars with known metallicity, [Fe/H], values from the POLLUX database were used to create an [Fe/H] (NB392−u) − (g − i) by (g − i) grid and the 338 candidates were assigned metallicity values. This created a final catalogue that was sorted by metallicity and candidates with [Fe/H]<−3 were visually inspected using the HST F814W filter to determine whether they were stars, in which seven were found. These could give an insight to the earliest stars in the universe. Number densities were calculated for F, G and K-type stars with [Fe/H] values of −4 to be (4.3±3.0)×10−14 pc −3, (1.36±0.96)×10−13 pc −3 and (3.0 ± 2.1) × 10−11 pc −3 respectively. It was found that the number density of stars with [Fe/H]<−3 is less than expected by a factor of ∼ 10.8, however it is ≈ 6.3 times larger for stars with [Fe/H]<−4.",
author = "Andrew Jenkins and Florence Wragg and Joshua Butterworth and James Edwards and Claire O'Neill and Joe Gough and David Sobral",
year = "2019",
month = jun
day = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "1",
pages = "21--38",
journal = "Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro)",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The discovery, abundances and [Fe/H]NB392 distributions of metal-poor stars in the halo of the Milky Way

AU - Jenkins, Andrew

AU - Wragg, Florence

AU - Butterworth, Joshua

AU - Edwards, James

AU - O'Neill, Claire

AU - Gough, Joe

AU - Sobral, David

PY - 2019/6/7

Y1 - 2019/6/7

N2 - By boldly looking where no one has looked before, this study surveyed a volume within the Milky Way halo to discover population III stars or their direct descendants. A cat- alogue of 123,505 sources was obtained by surveying the COSMOS field with the WFC and the NB392 filter (λc=3918 ̊A, ∆λ=52 ̊A), sensitive to CaHK. A star-galaxy cut was devised from samples of confirmed stars and galaxies based on spectroscopic redshifts and the apparent optical and infra-red colours of the samples, with a completeness and contamination of 75.3% and 6.1% respectively. The catalogue was reduced to 338 potential stars by introducing a limiting magnitude of 24.7, making it 5-7 magni- tudes deeper than the Pristine survey and corresponding to a limiting distance of 166 kpc for G-type stars. This survey covered 1.89 deg2, corresponding to volumes from (1.89 × 108)pc3 to (8.55 × 1016)pc3 from spectral types M to O. Stars with known metallicity, [Fe/H], values from the POLLUX database were used to create an [Fe/H] (NB392−u) − (g − i) by (g − i) grid and the 338 candidates were assigned metallicity values. This created a final catalogue that was sorted by metallicity and candidates with [Fe/H]<−3 were visually inspected using the HST F814W filter to determine whether they were stars, in which seven were found. These could give an insight to the earliest stars in the universe. Number densities were calculated for F, G and K-type stars with [Fe/H] values of −4 to be (4.3±3.0)×10−14 pc −3, (1.36±0.96)×10−13 pc −3 and (3.0 ± 2.1) × 10−11 pc −3 respectively. It was found that the number density of stars with [Fe/H]<−3 is less than expected by a factor of ∼ 10.8, however it is ≈ 6.3 times larger for stars with [Fe/H]<−4.

AB - By boldly looking where no one has looked before, this study surveyed a volume within the Milky Way halo to discover population III stars or their direct descendants. A cat- alogue of 123,505 sources was obtained by surveying the COSMOS field with the WFC and the NB392 filter (λc=3918 ̊A, ∆λ=52 ̊A), sensitive to CaHK. A star-galaxy cut was devised from samples of confirmed stars and galaxies based on spectroscopic redshifts and the apparent optical and infra-red colours of the samples, with a completeness and contamination of 75.3% and 6.1% respectively. The catalogue was reduced to 338 potential stars by introducing a limiting magnitude of 24.7, making it 5-7 magni- tudes deeper than the Pristine survey and corresponding to a limiting distance of 166 kpc for G-type stars. This survey covered 1.89 deg2, corresponding to volumes from (1.89 × 108)pc3 to (8.55 × 1016)pc3 from spectral types M to O. Stars with known metallicity, [Fe/H], values from the POLLUX database were used to create an [Fe/H] (NB392−u) − (g − i) by (g − i) grid and the 338 candidates were assigned metallicity values. This created a final catalogue that was sorted by metallicity and candidates with [Fe/H]<−3 were visually inspected using the HST F814W filter to determine whether they were stars, in which seven were found. These could give an insight to the earliest stars in the universe. Number densities were calculated for F, G and K-type stars with [Fe/H] values of −4 to be (4.3±3.0)×10−14 pc −3, (1.36±0.96)×10−13 pc −3 and (3.0 ± 2.1) × 10−11 pc −3 respectively. It was found that the number density of stars with [Fe/H]<−3 is less than expected by a factor of ∼ 10.8, however it is ≈ 6.3 times larger for stars with [Fe/H]<−4.

M3 - Journal article

VL - 1

SP - 21

EP - 38

JO - Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro)

JF - Notices of Lancaster Astrophysics (NLUAstro)

ER -