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The formation and melting of He-3 clusters in phase-separated solid He-3-He-4 mixtures.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


<mark>Journal publication date</mark>01/1998
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Low Temperature Physics
Number of pages6
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Melting pressure measurements have been made on the He-3-rich phase formed by cooling a solid mixture of 0.6% He-3 in He-4 through phase separation, at pressures between 2.78 and 3.56 MPa. For comparison, simultaneous observations were made with the mixture confined in the pores of a silver sinter and in an open volume connected to the same fill-line. Samples in the sinter cell solidify at higher pressures than the open cell and equilibrate more quickly. Both cells exhibit hysteresis between melting and freezing temperatures, and the transitions are broader in the open-volume cell. Relative to pure He-3, the melting pressure is elevated by as much as 60 kPa in the sinter cell and 20 kPa in the open cell. The size of the pressure change on melting indicates that a large fraction of the He-3 remains solid at pressures below the melting curve, and this effect is more pronounced in the sinter cell. Measurements are in progress to measure the magnetisation through the magnetic ordering transition.