12,000

We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK

93%

93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > The functions and development of safety-specifi...
View graph of relations

« Back

The functions and development of safety-specific trust and distrust

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date2008
JournalSafety Science
Journal number1
Volume46
Number of pages12
Pages92-103
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

It is assumed by some safety professionals that trust between organizational members is beneficial for safety (e.g., promotes open communication) and distrust is detrimental (e.g., leads to failed safety initiatives). While these assumptions make intuitive sense, they have been challenged by recent findings that reveal associations of trust with negative outcomes and distrust with positive outcomes. In the current paper we address these inconsistencies by testing the assumptions of safety professionals against recent research findings. Drawing on existing research and interview data, we outline the positive and negative functions of interpersonal trust and distrust and argue that an optimal model of good safety is one that comprises both attitudes. We proceed to build on this understanding by exploring the development of these attitudes in the specific context of safety. Consistent with research in other organizational domains, we show that trustworthiness qualities play a central role in the development of safety-specific interpersonal trust and distrust over and above the contribution of contextual factors.