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The long term recidivism risk of young sexual offenders in England and Wales - enduring risk or redemption?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date03/2014
JournalJournal of Criminal Justice
Journal number2
Volume42
Number of pages9
Pages164-172
Early online date17/07/13
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

Purpose: To examine the long-term sexual recidivism risk of juvenile sex offenders in England and Wales, and to compare the risk to that of a first time sexual offense for non-convicted juveniles. Additionally, the study explores the long term sexual recidivism risk of other types of juvenile offenders, and the long term violent recidivism risk of these groups.
Methods: The England and Wales Offenders Index was used to extract birth cohort data. Life table methods were used to estimate cumulative recidivism risk, and discrete time hazard models were used to compare hazard functions.
Results: At the five year period, 7% of juvenile sexual offenders have been reconvicted of a sexual offense; reaching 13% by the end of the 35 year follow-up. When the reconviction hazard of the juvenile sexual offenders was compared with the first sexual conviction risk of a non-convicted comparison group, the hazards converged statistically after 17 years.
Conclusions: The study has implications for the registration periods of juvenile sex offenders. Indefinite registration for some juveniles needs to be considered, and a review of registration after a conviction free period would provide more balance between the protection of the public and the rights of the offender.

Bibliographic note

The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of Criminal Justice 42 (2), 2014, © ELSEVIER.