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The SIS Great Circle Epidemic model

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date2008
JournalJournal of Applied Probability
Journal number2
Volume45
Number of pages18
Pages513-530
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

We consider a stochastic SIS model for the spread of an epidemic amongst a population of n individuals that are equally spaced upon the circumference of a circle. Whilst infectious, an individual, i say, makes both local and global infectious contacts at the points of homogeneous Poisson point processes. Global contacts are made uniformly at random with members of the entire population, whilst local contacts are made according to a contact distribution centred upon the infective. Individuals at the end of their infectious period return to the susceptible state and can be reinfected. The emphasis of the paper is on asymptotic results as the population size n → ∞. Therefore, a contact process with global infection is introduced representing the limiting behaviour as n → ∞ of the circle epidemics. A branching process approximation for the early stages of the epidemic is derived and the endemic equilibrium of a major outbreak is obtained. Furthermore, assuming exponential infectious periods, the probability of a major epidemic outbreak and the proportion of the population infectious in the endemic equilibrium are shown to satisfy the same equation which characterises the epidemic process.