We have over 12,000 students, from over 100 countries, within one of the safest campuses in the UK


93% of Lancaster students go into work or further study within six months of graduating

Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Topology change and the propagation of massless...
View graph of relations

« Back

Topology change and the propagation of massless fields

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article


Journal publication date07/1995
JournalJournal of Mathematical Physics
Number of pages24
Original languageEnglish


The massless wave equation on a class of two-dimensional manifolds consisting of an arbitrary number of topological cylinders connected to one or more topological spheres are analyzed herein. Such manifolds are endowed with a degenerate (non-globally hyperbolic) metric. Attention is drawn to the topological constraints on solutions describing monochromatic modes on both compact and noncompact manifolds. Energy and momentum currents are constructed and a new global sum rule discussed. The results offer a rigorous background for the formulation of a field theory of topologically induced particle production.