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Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan

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Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan. / Timsal, Ahmad; Hodgson, Vivien Elaine; Shah, Syed Uzair.

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Networked Learning 2018. ed. / M. Bajic; N. B. Dohn; M. de Laat; P. Jandric; T. Ryberg. 2018. p. 104-112.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paper

Harvard

Timsal, A, Hodgson, VE & Shah, SU 2018, Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan. in M Bajic, NB Dohn, M de Laat, P Jandric & T Ryberg (eds), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Networked Learning 2018. pp. 104-112, Eleventh International Conference on Networked Learning 2018, Zagreb, Croatia, 14/05/18.

APA

Timsal, A., Hodgson, V. E., & Shah, S. U. (2018). Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan. In M. Bajic, N. B. Dohn, M. de Laat, P. Jandric, & T. Ryberg (Eds.), Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Networked Learning 2018 (pp. 104-112)

Vancouver

Timsal A, Hodgson VE, Shah SU. Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan. In Bajic M, Dohn NB, de Laat M, Jandric P, Ryberg T, editors, Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Networked Learning 2018. 2018. p. 104-112

Author

Timsal, Ahmad ; Hodgson, Vivien Elaine ; Shah, Syed Uzair. / Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan. Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Networked Learning 2018. editor / M. Bajic ; N. B. Dohn ; M. de Laat ; P. Jandric ; T. Ryberg. 2018. pp. 104-112

Bibtex

@inproceedings{d8126cbe04104bba98b73eafc9756a90,
title = "Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan",
abstract = "Today, technology is increasingly being viewed as a key resource for enabling innovation within teaching and learning approaches. Social media platforms and applications such as Facebook and Twitter, WhatsApp, Skype and Viber have emerged as one of the most popular mechanisms for developing the social perspective in learning. Some recent studies even refer to this phenomenon as the development of a ‘parallel infrastructure’ to institutional offerings such as Moodle. However, when any artefact (such as technology), is introduced into a learning environment, there is a possibility that it will be responded to and utilised in different ways. This paper presents the initial analysis from MBA students’ experiences of using learning technology within their studies in a Pakistani business school, to see if technology has any impact on the learning approaches, in terms of the way and the purpose for which it is being used. Phenomenographic analysis revealed some initial categories of description, which include ‘access to learning materials and other information sources’, ‘organisation of course-related activities’, ‘improved communication and connectivity’, ‘developing cooperation and collaboration’ and ‘means of overcoming socio-cultural barriers’. The degree of variation within these categories can be related to the established concepts of deep and surface level approach. For example, there were students who preferred to use technology ‘as and when required’ by their teachers, and within the same environment there were others, who appeared to take a 'deep level' approach that involved some critical thinking about the use of technology and its subsequent influence on learning approaches. Our analysis highlights that students in relatively less developed regions are also making efforts to change themselves from ‘passive recipients’ of knowledge to active participants, who can support the learning activities of each other, using diverse forms of technology. We argue that while students may be developing an ‘alternative or parallel infrastructure to their institutional offerings’, there is no disconnect between them. It is this blend in using different forms of technology, which is encouraging the students to develop ‘informal networks’ among themselves – in an environment, which is majorly instructor-led. However, for addressing a possible 'dis(connect)' in students' use of various forms of technology, there is still a need for educators to ‘temper’ the enthusiasm of students, to develop a better understanding of how they should interact with technology, as this may provide some new insights for networked learning.",
keywords = "Collaboration, Communication, Experiences, Informal Networks, Learning Technology, Pakistan",
author = "Ahmad Timsal and Hodgson, {Vivien Elaine} and Shah, {Syed Uzair}",
year = "2018",
month = "5",
day = "14",
language = "English",
isbn = "9781862203372",
pages = "104--112",
editor = "M. Bajic and Dohn, {N. B.} and {de Laat}, M. and P. Jandric and T. Ryberg",
booktitle = "Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Networked Learning 2018",

}

RIS

TY - GEN

T1 - Understanding the variation in MBA students' experiences of using Learning Technology in Pakistan

AU - Timsal, Ahmad

AU - Hodgson, Vivien Elaine

AU - Shah, Syed Uzair

PY - 2018/5/14

Y1 - 2018/5/14

N2 - Today, technology is increasingly being viewed as a key resource for enabling innovation within teaching and learning approaches. Social media platforms and applications such as Facebook and Twitter, WhatsApp, Skype and Viber have emerged as one of the most popular mechanisms for developing the social perspective in learning. Some recent studies even refer to this phenomenon as the development of a ‘parallel infrastructure’ to institutional offerings such as Moodle. However, when any artefact (such as technology), is introduced into a learning environment, there is a possibility that it will be responded to and utilised in different ways. This paper presents the initial analysis from MBA students’ experiences of using learning technology within their studies in a Pakistani business school, to see if technology has any impact on the learning approaches, in terms of the way and the purpose for which it is being used. Phenomenographic analysis revealed some initial categories of description, which include ‘access to learning materials and other information sources’, ‘organisation of course-related activities’, ‘improved communication and connectivity’, ‘developing cooperation and collaboration’ and ‘means of overcoming socio-cultural barriers’. The degree of variation within these categories can be related to the established concepts of deep and surface level approach. For example, there were students who preferred to use technology ‘as and when required’ by their teachers, and within the same environment there were others, who appeared to take a 'deep level' approach that involved some critical thinking about the use of technology and its subsequent influence on learning approaches. Our analysis highlights that students in relatively less developed regions are also making efforts to change themselves from ‘passive recipients’ of knowledge to active participants, who can support the learning activities of each other, using diverse forms of technology. We argue that while students may be developing an ‘alternative or parallel infrastructure to their institutional offerings’, there is no disconnect between them. It is this blend in using different forms of technology, which is encouraging the students to develop ‘informal networks’ among themselves – in an environment, which is majorly instructor-led. However, for addressing a possible 'dis(connect)' in students' use of various forms of technology, there is still a need for educators to ‘temper’ the enthusiasm of students, to develop a better understanding of how they should interact with technology, as this may provide some new insights for networked learning.

AB - Today, technology is increasingly being viewed as a key resource for enabling innovation within teaching and learning approaches. Social media platforms and applications such as Facebook and Twitter, WhatsApp, Skype and Viber have emerged as one of the most popular mechanisms for developing the social perspective in learning. Some recent studies even refer to this phenomenon as the development of a ‘parallel infrastructure’ to institutional offerings such as Moodle. However, when any artefact (such as technology), is introduced into a learning environment, there is a possibility that it will be responded to and utilised in different ways. This paper presents the initial analysis from MBA students’ experiences of using learning technology within their studies in a Pakistani business school, to see if technology has any impact on the learning approaches, in terms of the way and the purpose for which it is being used. Phenomenographic analysis revealed some initial categories of description, which include ‘access to learning materials and other information sources’, ‘organisation of course-related activities’, ‘improved communication and connectivity’, ‘developing cooperation and collaboration’ and ‘means of overcoming socio-cultural barriers’. The degree of variation within these categories can be related to the established concepts of deep and surface level approach. For example, there were students who preferred to use technology ‘as and when required’ by their teachers, and within the same environment there were others, who appeared to take a 'deep level' approach that involved some critical thinking about the use of technology and its subsequent influence on learning approaches. Our analysis highlights that students in relatively less developed regions are also making efforts to change themselves from ‘passive recipients’ of knowledge to active participants, who can support the learning activities of each other, using diverse forms of technology. We argue that while students may be developing an ‘alternative or parallel infrastructure to their institutional offerings’, there is no disconnect between them. It is this blend in using different forms of technology, which is encouraging the students to develop ‘informal networks’ among themselves – in an environment, which is majorly instructor-led. However, for addressing a possible 'dis(connect)' in students' use of various forms of technology, there is still a need for educators to ‘temper’ the enthusiasm of students, to develop a better understanding of how they should interact with technology, as this may provide some new insights for networked learning.

KW - Collaboration

KW - Communication

KW - Experiences

KW - Informal Networks

KW - Learning Technology

KW - Pakistan

M3 - Conference contribution/Paper

SN - 9781862203372

SP - 104

EP - 112

BT - Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Networked Learning 2018

A2 - Bajic, M.

A2 - Dohn, N. B.

A2 - de Laat, M.

A2 - Jandric, P.

A2 - Ryberg, T.

ER -