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Using story contexts to bias children's true and false memories

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

Published

Journal publication date01/2011
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Journal number1
Volume108
Number of pages19
Pages77-95
Original languageEnglish

Abstract

The effects of embedding standard Deese/Roediger-McDermott (DRM) lists into stories whose context biased interpretation either toward or away from the overall themes of the DRM lists on both true and false recognition were investigated with 7 and 11 year olds These biased story contexts were compared with the same children's susceptibility to false memory illusions using the standard DRM list presentation paradigm The results showed the usual age effects for true and false memories in the standard DRM list paradigm where 11-year-olds exhibited higher rates of both true and false recognition compared with the 7-year-olds Importantly when DRM lists were embedded in stones these age effects disappeared for true recognition For false recognition although developmental differences were attenuated older children were still more susceptible to false memory illusions than younger children These findings are discussed in terms of current theories of children's false memories as well as the role of themes and elaboration in children's memory development (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc All lights reserved