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SuperDARN observations during geomagnetic storms, geomagnetically active times and enhanced solar wind driving

Activity: Talk or presentation typesOral presentation


The Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) has in recent years been expanded to lower latitudes to observe ionospheric flows over a larger latitude range. This enables us to study extreme space weather events, such as geomagnetic storms, which are a global phenomenon, on a large scale (from the pole to magnetic latitudes of 40 degrees).
We study the backscatter observations from the SuperDARN radars during all geomagnetic storm phases from the most recent solar cycle(2010-2016) and compare them to other active times to understand radar backscatter and ionospheric convection characteristics during extreme conditions and to discern differences specific to geomagnetic storms and other geomagnetically active times.
We show that there are clear differences in the number of measurements the radars make, the maximum flow speeds observed and the locations where they are observed during the initial, main and recovery phases.
We show that these differences are linked to different levels of solar wind driving.
We also show that when studying ionospheric convection during geomagnetically active times, it is crucial to consider data at mid-latitudes, as we find that during 19% of storm-time the equatorward boundary of the convection is located below 50 degrees of magnetic latitude.

Event (Workshop)

TitleSuperDARN Workshop 2019 - Fujiyoshida, Japan
Abbreviated titleSuperDARN 2019
Degree of recognitionInternational event