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Professor Brian Francis

Professor of Social Statistics

  1. Published

    Bertin, Lexis and the graphical representation of event histories.

    Francis, B. & Pritchard, J., 06/1998, In: Bulletin du Comite Francais de Cartographie. 156, p. 80-88 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  2. Published

    Using homicide data to assist murder investigations.

    Francis, B., Barry, J., Bowater, R., Miller, N., Soothill, K. & Ackerley, E., 2004, London: Home Office, 58 p. (Home Office Online Report ; vol. 26/04).

    Research output: Working paper

  3. Published

    Modeling heterogeneity in ranked responses by nonparametric maximum likelihood: How do Europeans get their scientific knowledge?

    Francis, B., Dittrich, R. & Hatzinger, R., 2010, In: Annals of Applied Statistics. 4, 4, p. 2181-2202 22 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  4. Published

    Conceptualising recidivism for prediction and risk

    Francis, B., 05/2011, Recidivism and Reoffending in South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Open Society Foundation, p. 16-21 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  5. Published

    Criminal Lifestyle Specialization: Female Offending in England and Wales

    Francis, B., Liu, J. & Soothill, K., 06/2010, In: International Criminal Justice Review. 20, 2, p. 188-204 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  6. Published

    When do ex-offenders become like non-offenders?

    Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 2009, In: The Howard Journal of Criminal Justice. 48, 4, p. 373-387 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  7. Published

    Using the Offenders Index to investigate patterns of offending.

    Francis, B., Liu, J. & Soothill, K., 2008, Proceedings of the 13th Government Statistical Service methodology conference. London: Office of National Statistics, UK

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNConference contribution/Paperpeer-review

  8. Published

    The Lancaster Postgraduate Statistics Centre CETL: building trust and statistical skills across disciplines

    Francis, B., Abram, B. & Peelo, M., 2007, CETL-MSOR Conference 2006 Loughborough University 11th – 12th September Conference Proceedings. Green, D. (ed.). Birmingham, UK: The Maths, Stats & OR Network

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  9. Published

    Predicting Reconviction Rates in Northern Ireland

    Francis, B., Harman, J. & Humphreys, L., 2005, Belfast: Northern Ireland Office. 16 p. (Research and Statistical Bulletin; vol. 2005, no. 7/2005)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  10. Published

    The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes? Full Report

    Francis, B. & Crosland, P., 2002, London: Home Office. 92 p. (Home Office Online Report; vol. 04/02)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  11. Published
  12. Published

    The Police National Computer and the Offenders Index: can they be combined for research purposes?

    Francis, B., Crosland, P. & Harman, J., 2002, Home Office. 4 p. (Home Office Research Findings; no. 170)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  13. Published

    Developing Measures of Severity and Frequency of Reconviction

    Francis, B., Soothill, K., Humphreys, L. & Cutajar Bezzina, A., 2005, 86 p.

    Research output: Working paper

  14. Published

    Visualisation of historical events using Lexis pencils: a case study

    Francis, B. & Pritchard, J., 1998, Case studies of visualisation in the social sciences: technical report. Unwin, D. & Fisher, P. (eds.). Bristol: JISC Advisory group on Computer Graphics, 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  15. Published

    The use of visualisation in the examination of work and life histories

    Francis, B., 1997, Visualization and modelling. Earnshaw, R., Vince, J. & Jones, H. (eds.). New York: Academic Press

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  16. Published

    The use of visualisation in the examination of categorical event histories.

    Francis, B., Fuller, M. & Pritchard, J., 1998, Visualisation of Categorical Data. Blasius, J. & Greenacre, M. (eds.). New York: Academic Press

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  17. Published

    The GLIM System: Release 4 Manual

    Francis, B., Green, M. & Payne, C., 1993, Oxford: Clarendon Press. 840 p.

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

  18. Published

    Random effects models for ranked data: an example from a survey of student social workers

    Francis, B. & Dittrich, R., 2000, Social science methodology in the new millennium : proceedings of the fifth international conference on logic and methodology [CDROM]. Blasius, J. (ed.). Cologne: German Social Science Infrastructure Services (GESIS)

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  19. Published

    Model fitting applications in GLIM4

    Francis, B., Green, M. & Clarke, M., 1992, Advances in GLIM and Statistical Modelling. Fahrmeir, L., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R. & Tutz, G. (eds.). Berlin: Springer Verlag

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  20. Published

    NHS nursing: Vocation, career or just a job? An application of latent class analysis.

    Francis, B., Peelo, M. & Soothill, K., 1991, Themes and Perspectives in Nursing. Soothill, K., Hendry, C. & Kendrick, K. (eds.). London: Chapman and Hall, p. 56-75 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  21. Published

    NHS nursing: vocation, career or just a job? An application of latent class analysis.

    Francis, B., Peelo, M. & Soothill, K., 1996, Themes and Perspectives in Nursing. Soothill, K., Hendry, C. & Kendrick, K. (eds.). 2nd ed. ed. London: Chapman and Hall, p. 56-75

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  22. Published

    Homicide in England and Wales

    Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 01/2012, Handbook of European homicide research: patterns, explanations, and country studies. Liem, M. & Pridemore, W. (eds.). Berlin: Springer, p. 287-300 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  23. Published

    Visualization of criminal careers

    Francis, B. & Pritchard, J., 28/02/2000, Visual Data Exploration and Analysis VII. Erbacher, R. F., Chen, P. C., Roberts, J. C. & Wittenbrink, C. M. (eds.). SPIE, Vol. 3960. p. 96-105 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  24. Published

    A remark on algorithm AS121 - The Trigamma Function,

    Francis, B., 1991, In: Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 40, 3, p. 514-515 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  25. Published

    Graphical representation of work histories

    Francis, B., Barry, J. & Walby, S., 1990, In: Quaderni di Statistica e Matematica Applicata alle scienze Economico-Sociali. 12, 1, p. 66-74 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  26. Published

    Software for logistic-normal mixture models

    Francis, B. & Barry, J., 1990, COMPSTAT90: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Computational Statistics. Momirovic, K. & Mildner, V. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 39-40 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  27. Published

    GLIM4 - developments in model fitting

    Francis, B., Green, M. & Bradley, M., 1990, COMPSTAT90: Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Computational Statistics. Momirovic, K. & Mildner, V. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 323-326 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  28. Published

    Statistical modelling: proceedings of GLIM 89 and the 4th Internat. Workshop on Statist. Modelling held in Trento, Italy, July 17-21, 1989

    Francis, B., Decarli, A., Gilchrist, R. & Seeber, G., 1989, Berlin: Springer Verlag. 343 p. (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 57)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

  29. Published

    GLIM4: structure and development

    Francis, B., Green, M. & Bradley, M., 1989, Statistical Modelling: Proceedings of GLIM 89 and the 4th International Workshop on Statistical Modelling. Decarli, A., Francis, B., Gilchrist, R. & Seeber, G. (eds.). Berlin: Springer-Verlag, (Lecture Notes in Statistics; vol. 57).

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  30. Published

    GLIM3.77 Macro Library Handbook. Software and documentation. Release 1.1 of Library

    Francis, B., 1987, Oxford: Numerical Algorithms Group (NAG).

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsBook

  31. Published

    Teaching computational statistics on workstations

    Francis, B. & Whittaker, J., 1986, COMPSTAT 86 : Proceedings in Computational Statistics, Seventh Symposium. Rizzi, A. & Vichi, M. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 477-482 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  32. Published

    Fitting correspondence analysis models in GLIM.

    Francis, B. & Saint Pierre, J., 1986, COMPSTAT 86 : Proceedings in Computational Statistics, Seventh Symposium. Rizzi, A. & Vichi, M. (eds.). Heidelberg: Physica Verlag, p. 255-256 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  33. Published

    GLIM: a developing system

    Francis, B., Hinde, J. & Slater, M., 1982, Computer Science and Statistics: proceedings of the 14th Symposium on the Interface. Heiner, K., Sacher, R. & Wilkinson, J. (eds.). New York: Springer Verlag, p. 190-201 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  34. Published

    Experiences of peer review in an international context – the EUROCORES HumVIB programme

    Francis, B., 2008. 0 p.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paper

  35. Published

    Latent class mixed effects models for partially ranked preferences: examining changes in postmaterialism over time.

    Francis, B., Dittrich, R. & Hatzinger, R., 05/2012, In: Quaderni di Statistica. 14, p. 109-112 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  36. Published

    Predicting reconviction: do some predictors fade with length of follow-up?

    Francis, B., Soothill, K. & Humphreys, L., 11/2012, p. 1-18. 18 p.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paper

  37. Published

    Changing prevalence of sex offender convictions: disentangling age, period, and cohort effects over time

    Francis, B., Hargreaves, C. & Soothill, K., 15/08/2015, Sex offenders: a criminal career approach. Blokland, A. & Lussier, P. (eds.). Chichester: Wiley, p. 231-256 26 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)

  38. Unpublished

    Disentangling the Age, Period and Cohort Effects on Convictions for Sexual Offending

    Francis, B., Hargreaves, C. & Soothill, K., 4/07/2011, (Unpublished).

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Conference paper

  39. Published

    A mixture model for longitudinal partially ranked data

    Francis, B., Dittrich, R., Hatzinger, R. & Humphreys, L., 2014, In: Communications in Statistics - Theory and Methods. 43, 4, p. 722–734 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  40. Published

    Sexual and general offending trajectories of men referred for civil commitment

    Francis, B., Harris, D., Wallace, S., Soothill, K. & Knight, R., 08/2014, In: Sexual Abuse. 26, 4, p. 311-329 19 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  41. Published

    Understanding criminal careers in organised crime

    Francis, B., Humphreys, L., Kirby, S. & Soothill, K., 7/10/2013, London: Home Office. 120 p. (Crime research and analysis; no. 74)

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  42. Published

    Sexual recidivism

    Francis, B. & Soothill, K., 11/2013, Encyclopedia of criminology and criminal justice. Bruinsma, G. & Weisburd, D. (eds.). New York: Springer, p. 4798-4809 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

  43. Published

    What is latent class analysis

    Francis, B., 2011

    Research output: Exhibits, objects and web-based outputsDigital or Visual Products

  44. Published

    Modelling escalation in crime seriousness: a latent variable approach

    Francis, B. & Liu, J., 08/2015, In: Metron. 73, 2, p. 277-297 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  45. Published

    Blackmail

    Francis, B. J., Peelo, M. & Soothill, K., 26/05/2016, Oxford Bibliographies Online: Criminology. Huebner, B. (ed.). New York: Oxford University Press

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNEntry for encyclopedia/dictionary

  46. Published

    Smoothing group-based trajectory models through B-splines

    Francis, B. J., Elliott, A. & Weldon, M., 04/2016, In: Journal of Developmental and Life Course Criminology . 2, 1, p. 113-133 21 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  47. Published

    Investigating the relationship between the diversity index and frequency of offending

    Francis, B. J. & Humphreys, L. N., 12/2016, In: Journal of Developmental and Life Course Criminology . 2, 4, p. 397-416 20 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  48. Published

    Data collection on trafficking in human beings in the EU: Final report

    Francis, B., Walby, S., Pattinson, B., Elliott, A., Hoti - Llabjani, V., Phoenix, J., Verrall, R. & Peelo, M., 4/12/2018, Luxembourg: European Commission. 272 p.

    Research output: Book/Report/ProceedingsCommissioned report

  49. Published

    Latent class approaches for modelling multiple ordinal items

    Francis, B., 11/11/2018, ASMOD 2018 : Proceedings of the Advanced Statistical Modelling for Ordinal Data Conference : Naples, 24-26 October 2018 . Capecchi, S., Di Iorio, F. & Simone, R. (eds.). Napoli: FedOAPress, p. 3-13 10 p. 2

    Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

  50. Published

    Bilinear models for scaling and score building: when should they be used?

    Francis, B. & Davies, E., 02/2019.

    Research output: Contribution to conference - Without ISBN/ISSN Abstractpeer-review

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