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Dr Mukarrum Ahmed

Lecturer in Business Law

Mukarrum Ahmed

Bowland North



Tel: +44 1524 594458

PhD supervision

Private International Law (Conflict of Laws), International Commercial Litigation and Arbitration

Career Details

Dr Mukarrum Ahmed joined Lancaster University in November 2016 as Lecturer in Business Law.

Dr Ahmed's book The Nature and Enforcement of Choice of Court Agreements: A Comparative Study (Bloomsbury Publishing) featured in Hart's prestigious Studies in Private International Law Series in 2017. His work on asymmetric choice of court agreements and the conflicts of jurisdiction has been cited by the High Court of England and Wales in Etihad Airways v Flöther (Air Berlin) [2019] EWHC 3107 (Comm), a €2 billion airline financing dispute and jurisdiction battle.

Dr Ahmed has published in leading law journals including the Journal of Private International Law, the Law Quarterly Review and the European Business Law Review. He is a specialist UK Editor of conflictoflaws.net, the world's foremost blog on private international law. Dr Ahmed has been an expert peer reviewer for Oxford University Press, Cambridge University Press, the Journal of Private International Law and Transnational Legal Theory.   

Dr Ahmed possesses a PhD in Law from the Centre for Private International Law, School of Law, University of Aberdeen where he was awarded a fully funded Doctoral Scholarship to fund his research project in Private International Law of the EU. Dr Ahmed's research project focused on the fundamental juridical nature, classification and private law enforcement of choice of forum and choice of law agreements in international commercial disputes before the English courts. As a barrister trained in the English common law tradition, he adopted a comparative law approach where the English common law of conflict of laws was considered alongside the ever burgeoning European Union private international law regime and the Hague Convention on Choice of Court Agreements. He was a Law Tutor and Assessor in the School of Law, University of Aberdeen whilst working full time on the PhD research project.

Prior to the commencement of his doctoral studies in Aberdeen, he was a practicing Advocate at a top tier commercial law firm and a Lecturer in the Conflict of Laws and Jurisprudence and Legal Theory to University of London (External) students at SZABIST Law School, Karachi. At this point in his career, his formal legal education consisted of the Bar Vocational Course (BVC) from the Inns of Court School of Law (Lincoln's Inn) and a Master's and Bachelor's degree in Law from City, University of London and the University of London respectively.


FHEA - PGCAP (Lancaster University)

PhD in Law (University of Aberdeen)

Barrister (Lincoln's Inn)

LLM (City, University of London)

LLB (Hons) (University of London)

Research Interests

Dr Ahmed's research interests focus on private international law (conflict of laws), international commercial litigation and international commercial arbitration. His interest in private international law is closely aligned with his fascination for EU law, international legal theory and comparative law.

Current Teaching

Private International Law (LLB) (Director)

Principles of Commercial Law (LLB)

International Commercial Litigation (LLM) (Director)

International Commercial Arbitration (LLM) (Director)

Additional Information

Director of PG Recruitment and Admissions and Cluster Lead for Law, Business and the Economy in the Centre for Law and Society 

External Roles

Associate Member of the Centre for Private International Law, School of Law, University of Aberdeen.

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