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A digital method for the discrimination of neutrons and γ rays with organic scintillation detectors using frequency gradient analysis.

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A digital method for the discrimination of neutrons and γ rays with organic scintillation detectors using frequency gradient analysis. / Liu, Guofu; Joyce, Malcolm J.; Ma, Xiandong et al.

In: IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science, Vol. 57, No. 3, 06.2010, p. 1682 -1691.

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@article{b6c8f7fecf7a439ca717b91ea5bae194,
title = "A digital method for the discrimination of neutrons and γ rays with organic scintillation detectors using frequency gradient analysis.",
abstract = "A digital method for the discrimination of neutron and γ-ray events from an organic scintillator has been investigated by using frequency gradient analysis (FGA) based on the Fourier transform. Since the scintillation process and the photomultiplier tube (PMT) anode signal are often very noisy, most pulse-shape discrimination methods in a scintillation detection system (e.g., the charge comparison (CC) method or pulse gradient analysis (PGA)) using time-domain features of the signal depend greatly on the associated de-noising algorithm. In this research, the performance of the new FGA method and the PGA method have been studied and compared on a theoretical basis and then verified by time-of-flight (TOF). The frequency-domain features extracted by the FGA method exhibit a strong insensitivity to the variation in pulse response of the photomultiplier tube (PMT) and can be used to discriminate neutron and γ-ray events in a mixed radiation field. It is shown that the FGA method results in an increased figure of merit (FOM) which corresponds to a reduction in the area of overlap between neutron and γ-ray events. The FGA method has the potential to be implemented in current embedded electronic systems to provide real-time discrimination in standalone instruments.",
keywords = "γ rays, digital discrimination, frequency gradient analysis, neutron, organic scintillators, pulse gradient analysis, time of flight",
author = "Guofu Liu and Joyce, {Malcolm J.} and Xiandong Ma and Michael Aspinall",
note = "{"}{\textcopyright}2010 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.{"} {"}This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder.{"}",
year = "2010",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1109/TNS.2010.2044246",
language = "English",
volume = "57",
pages = "1682 --1691",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science",
issn = "0018-9499",
publisher = "IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A digital method for the discrimination of neutrons and γ rays with organic scintillation detectors using frequency gradient analysis.

AU - Liu, Guofu

AU - Joyce, Malcolm J.

AU - Ma, Xiandong

AU - Aspinall, Michael

N1 - "©2010 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE." "This material is presented to ensure timely dissemination of scholarly and technical work. Copyright and all rights therein are retained by authors or by other copyright holders. All persons copying this information are expected to adhere to the terms and constraints invoked by each author's copyright. In most cases, these works may not be reposted without the explicit permission of the copyright holder."

PY - 2010/6

Y1 - 2010/6

N2 - A digital method for the discrimination of neutron and γ-ray events from an organic scintillator has been investigated by using frequency gradient analysis (FGA) based on the Fourier transform. Since the scintillation process and the photomultiplier tube (PMT) anode signal are often very noisy, most pulse-shape discrimination methods in a scintillation detection system (e.g., the charge comparison (CC) method or pulse gradient analysis (PGA)) using time-domain features of the signal depend greatly on the associated de-noising algorithm. In this research, the performance of the new FGA method and the PGA method have been studied and compared on a theoretical basis and then verified by time-of-flight (TOF). The frequency-domain features extracted by the FGA method exhibit a strong insensitivity to the variation in pulse response of the photomultiplier tube (PMT) and can be used to discriminate neutron and γ-ray events in a mixed radiation field. It is shown that the FGA method results in an increased figure of merit (FOM) which corresponds to a reduction in the area of overlap between neutron and γ-ray events. The FGA method has the potential to be implemented in current embedded electronic systems to provide real-time discrimination in standalone instruments.

AB - A digital method for the discrimination of neutron and γ-ray events from an organic scintillator has been investigated by using frequency gradient analysis (FGA) based on the Fourier transform. Since the scintillation process and the photomultiplier tube (PMT) anode signal are often very noisy, most pulse-shape discrimination methods in a scintillation detection system (e.g., the charge comparison (CC) method or pulse gradient analysis (PGA)) using time-domain features of the signal depend greatly on the associated de-noising algorithm. In this research, the performance of the new FGA method and the PGA method have been studied and compared on a theoretical basis and then verified by time-of-flight (TOF). The frequency-domain features extracted by the FGA method exhibit a strong insensitivity to the variation in pulse response of the photomultiplier tube (PMT) and can be used to discriminate neutron and γ-ray events in a mixed radiation field. It is shown that the FGA method results in an increased figure of merit (FOM) which corresponds to a reduction in the area of overlap between neutron and γ-ray events. The FGA method has the potential to be implemented in current embedded electronic systems to provide real-time discrimination in standalone instruments.

KW - γ rays

KW - digital discrimination

KW - frequency gradient analysis

KW - neutron

KW - organic scintillators

KW - pulse gradient analysis

KW - time of flight

U2 - 10.1109/TNS.2010.2044246

DO - 10.1109/TNS.2010.2044246

M3 - Journal article

VL - 57

SP - 1682

EP - 1691

JO - IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

JF - IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science

SN - 0018-9499

IS - 3

ER -