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A Federated Deep Learning Framework for Privacy-Preserving Consumer Electronics Recommendations

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>17/10/2023
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
Number of pages11
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date17/10/23
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Recommender systems (RSs) have proven to be highly effective in guiding consumers towards well-informed purchase decisions for electronics. These systems can provide personalised recommendations that consider individual preferences, past purchases and current market trends by collecting and analysing massive amounts of consumer data. However, RSs have traditionally employed centralised storage of users consumption records and item interactions, which may potentially lead to privacy concerns. In particular, centralised data storage may prove unworkable in the future with the advent of regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation. In turn, this can lead to an urgent need for decentralised recommendation frameworks for consumer electronics. In this study, we propose a federated learning recommender system (FRS) for the recommendation task in the consumer electronics industry. However, this is rather challenging due to its privacy protection, model scalability and personalisation requirements. First, the federated recommender system for consumer electronics (FRS-CE) adopts an outer product and two proposed feature fusion operations to construct an interaction map between users and items. Second, the FRS-CE uses a lightweight convolution operation to extract high-order features from the interaction map. Finally, the proposed model employs an adaptive aggregation mechanism to update the global model, which enhances the scalability of the system. Extensive experiments conducted on two real-world datasets have demonstrated the effectiveness of the FRS-CE in generating consumer electronics recommendations with privacy protection.