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A multi-period TSP with stochastic regular and urgent demands

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>16/02/2008
<mark>Journal</mark>European Journal of Operational Research
Issue number1
Volume185
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)122-132
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date31/01/07
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

In this paper, we study the multi-period TSP problem with stochastic urgent and regular demands. Urgent demands have to be satisfied immediately while regular demands can be satisfied either immediately or the day after. Demands appear stochastically at nodes. The objective is to minimize the average long-run delivery costs, knowing the probabilities governing the demands at nodes. The problem is cast as a Markov Process with Costs and, at least in principle, can be solved using an approach originally proposed by Howard [R.A. Howard, Dynamic Programming and Markov Processes, MIT, Cambridge, USA, 1960] for Markov Processes with Rewards. However, the number of states of the Markov Process grows exponentially with the number of nodes in the network which pose a limit on the dimension of the instances that are computationally tractable. We suggest a second Markov approach considering a system (Aggregate Model) whose number of states grows only polynomially with the number of nodes in the network. The important relations between the optimal solutions of the original and the aggregate models will be discussed. Finally, we also propose a hybrid procedure which combines both models. The viability of the proposed methodology is shown by applying the procedure to a numerical example.