Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > A new method to measure effective soil solution...
View graph of relations

A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants. / Zhang, Hao; Davison, W.; Sun, B.; Zhao, F. J.

In: Environmental Science and Technology, Vol. 35, No. 12, 06.2001, p. 2602-2607.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Zhang, Hao ; Davison, W. ; Sun, B. ; Zhao, F. J. / A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants. In: Environmental Science and Technology. 2001 ; Vol. 35, No. 12. pp. 2602-2607.

Bibtex

@article{6095a16c48fb4b3991dcc5c321cda5ac,
title = "A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants.",
abstract = "Risk assessments of metal contaminated soils need to address metal bioavailability. To predict the bioavailability of metals to plants, it is necessary to understand both solution and solid phase supply processes in soils. In striving to find surrogate chemical measurements, scientists have focused either on soil solution chemistry, including free ion activities, or operationally defined fractions of metals. Here we introduce the new concept of effective concentration, CE, which includes both the soil solution concentration and an additional term, expressed as a concentration, that represents metal supplied from the solid phase. CE was measured using the technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) which, like a plant, locally lowers soil solution concentrations, inducing metal supply from the solid phase, as shown by a dynamic model of the DGT-soil system. Measurements of Cu as CE, soil solution concentration, by EDTA extraction and as free Cu2+ activity in soil solution were made on 29 different soils covering a large range of copper concentrations. They were compared to Cu concentrations in the plant material of Lepidium heterophyllum grown on the same soils. Plant concentrations were linearly related and highly correlated with CE but were more scattered and nonlinear with respect to free Cu2+ activity, EDTA extraction, or soil solution concentrations. These results demonstrate that the dominant supply processes in these soils are diffusion and labile metal release, which the DGT-soil system mimics. The quantity CE is shown to have promise as a quantitative measure of the bioavailable metal in soils.",
author = "Hao Zhang and W. Davison and B. Sun and Zhao, {F. J.}",
note = "HZ initiated and undertook the work and led the data interpretation and writing. Rothamsted provided some plant data and soils for the experiments. The paper introduced a new concept of effective concentration, CE, and these first data relating DGT measurements to metal in plants were explained by modelling. Citations: 74. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences",
year = "2001",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1021/es000268q",
language = "English",
volume = "35",
pages = "2602--2607",
journal = "Environmental Science and Technology",
issn = "0013-936X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "12",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A new method to measure effective soil solution concentration predicts copper availability to plants.

AU - Zhang, Hao

AU - Davison, W.

AU - Sun, B.

AU - Zhao, F. J.

N1 - HZ initiated and undertook the work and led the data interpretation and writing. Rothamsted provided some plant data and soils for the experiments. The paper introduced a new concept of effective concentration, CE, and these first data relating DGT measurements to metal in plants were explained by modelling. Citations: 74. RAE_import_type : Journal article RAE_uoa_type : Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences

PY - 2001/6

Y1 - 2001/6

N2 - Risk assessments of metal contaminated soils need to address metal bioavailability. To predict the bioavailability of metals to plants, it is necessary to understand both solution and solid phase supply processes in soils. In striving to find surrogate chemical measurements, scientists have focused either on soil solution chemistry, including free ion activities, or operationally defined fractions of metals. Here we introduce the new concept of effective concentration, CE, which includes both the soil solution concentration and an additional term, expressed as a concentration, that represents metal supplied from the solid phase. CE was measured using the technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) which, like a plant, locally lowers soil solution concentrations, inducing metal supply from the solid phase, as shown by a dynamic model of the DGT-soil system. Measurements of Cu as CE, soil solution concentration, by EDTA extraction and as free Cu2+ activity in soil solution were made on 29 different soils covering a large range of copper concentrations. They were compared to Cu concentrations in the plant material of Lepidium heterophyllum grown on the same soils. Plant concentrations were linearly related and highly correlated with CE but were more scattered and nonlinear with respect to free Cu2+ activity, EDTA extraction, or soil solution concentrations. These results demonstrate that the dominant supply processes in these soils are diffusion and labile metal release, which the DGT-soil system mimics. The quantity CE is shown to have promise as a quantitative measure of the bioavailable metal in soils.

AB - Risk assessments of metal contaminated soils need to address metal bioavailability. To predict the bioavailability of metals to plants, it is necessary to understand both solution and solid phase supply processes in soils. In striving to find surrogate chemical measurements, scientists have focused either on soil solution chemistry, including free ion activities, or operationally defined fractions of metals. Here we introduce the new concept of effective concentration, CE, which includes both the soil solution concentration and an additional term, expressed as a concentration, that represents metal supplied from the solid phase. CE was measured using the technique of diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) which, like a plant, locally lowers soil solution concentrations, inducing metal supply from the solid phase, as shown by a dynamic model of the DGT-soil system. Measurements of Cu as CE, soil solution concentration, by EDTA extraction and as free Cu2+ activity in soil solution were made on 29 different soils covering a large range of copper concentrations. They were compared to Cu concentrations in the plant material of Lepidium heterophyllum grown on the same soils. Plant concentrations were linearly related and highly correlated with CE but were more scattered and nonlinear with respect to free Cu2+ activity, EDTA extraction, or soil solution concentrations. These results demonstrate that the dominant supply processes in these soils are diffusion and labile metal release, which the DGT-soil system mimics. The quantity CE is shown to have promise as a quantitative measure of the bioavailable metal in soils.

U2 - 10.1021/es000268q

DO - 10.1021/es000268q

M3 - Journal article

VL - 35

SP - 2602

EP - 2607

JO - Environmental Science and Technology

JF - Environmental Science and Technology

SN - 0013-936X

IS - 12

ER -