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  • Anglo-Nigerian Agreement Agreement JICH revised final

    Rights statement: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History on 03/08/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/03086534.2016.1210255

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A Post-Imperial Cold War Paradox: The Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement 1958-1962

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A Post-Imperial Cold War Paradox : The Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement 1958-1962. / Wyss, Marco.

In: Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, Vol. 44, No. 6, 11.2016, p. 976-1000.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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Wyss, Marco. / A Post-Imperial Cold War Paradox : The Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement 1958-1962. In: Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History. 2016 ; Vol. 44, No. 6. pp. 976-1000.

Bibtex

@article{b58b0a2983a44f0896d70e0fed14fa7f,
title = "A Post-Imperial Cold War Paradox: The Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement 1958-1962",
abstract = "As the recent and current French military interventions in West Africa have illustrated, France succeeded in establishing long-lasting security relationships with its former colonies during the transfer of power. In Britain{\textquoteright}s case, by contrast, decolonisation was largely followed by military withdrawal. This was not, however, for lack of trying. The episode of the Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement clearly illustrates that Britain, driven by its global cold war military strategy, wanted to secure its long-term interests in sub-Saharan Africa. The agreement was first welcomed by the Nigerian elite, which was not only anglophile and anti-communist, but also wanted British military assistance for the build-up of its armed forces. Yet, in Nigeria, the defence pact was faced with mounting opposition, and decried as a neo-colonial scheme. Whereas this first allowed the Nigerian leaders to extract strategic, material and financial concessions from Britain, it eventually led to the abrogation of the agreement. Paradoxically, Britain{\textquoteright}s cold war grand strategy created not only the need for the agreement, but also to abrogate it. In the increasingly global East-West struggle, the agreement was strategically desirable, but politically counterproductive.",
keywords = "Britain, Nigeria, Anglo-Nigerian relations, West Africa, Cold War, defence, transfer of power, post-imperial, neo-colonialism, non-alignment",
author = "Marco Wyss",
note = "This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History on 03/08/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/03086534.2016.1210255",
year = "2016",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1080/03086534.2016.1210255",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "976--1000",
journal = "Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History",
issn = "0308-6534",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A Post-Imperial Cold War Paradox

T2 - The Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement 1958-1962

AU - Wyss, Marco

N1 - This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History on 03/08/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/03086534.2016.1210255

PY - 2016/11

Y1 - 2016/11

N2 - As the recent and current French military interventions in West Africa have illustrated, France succeeded in establishing long-lasting security relationships with its former colonies during the transfer of power. In Britain’s case, by contrast, decolonisation was largely followed by military withdrawal. This was not, however, for lack of trying. The episode of the Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement clearly illustrates that Britain, driven by its global cold war military strategy, wanted to secure its long-term interests in sub-Saharan Africa. The agreement was first welcomed by the Nigerian elite, which was not only anglophile and anti-communist, but also wanted British military assistance for the build-up of its armed forces. Yet, in Nigeria, the defence pact was faced with mounting opposition, and decried as a neo-colonial scheme. Whereas this first allowed the Nigerian leaders to extract strategic, material and financial concessions from Britain, it eventually led to the abrogation of the agreement. Paradoxically, Britain’s cold war grand strategy created not only the need for the agreement, but also to abrogate it. In the increasingly global East-West struggle, the agreement was strategically desirable, but politically counterproductive.

AB - As the recent and current French military interventions in West Africa have illustrated, France succeeded in establishing long-lasting security relationships with its former colonies during the transfer of power. In Britain’s case, by contrast, decolonisation was largely followed by military withdrawal. This was not, however, for lack of trying. The episode of the Anglo-Nigerian Defence Agreement clearly illustrates that Britain, driven by its global cold war military strategy, wanted to secure its long-term interests in sub-Saharan Africa. The agreement was first welcomed by the Nigerian elite, which was not only anglophile and anti-communist, but also wanted British military assistance for the build-up of its armed forces. Yet, in Nigeria, the defence pact was faced with mounting opposition, and decried as a neo-colonial scheme. Whereas this first allowed the Nigerian leaders to extract strategic, material and financial concessions from Britain, it eventually led to the abrogation of the agreement. Paradoxically, Britain’s cold war grand strategy created not only the need for the agreement, but also to abrogate it. In the increasingly global East-West struggle, the agreement was strategically desirable, but politically counterproductive.

KW - Britain

KW - Nigeria

KW - Anglo-Nigerian relations

KW - West Africa

KW - Cold War

KW - defence

KW - transfer of power

KW - post-imperial

KW - neo-colonialism

KW - non-alignment

U2 - 10.1080/03086534.2016.1210255

DO - 10.1080/03086534.2016.1210255

M3 - Journal article

VL - 44

SP - 976

EP - 1000

JO - Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History

JF - Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History

SN - 0308-6534

IS - 6

ER -