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A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Viséan) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK

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A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Viséan) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK. / Hounslow, M.W.; Somerville, I.D.; Cózar, P. et al.

In: Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, Vol. 133, No. 3, 30.06.2022, p. 227-249.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Hounslow, MW, Somerville, ID, Cózar, P, Chew, D & Drakou, F 2022, 'A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Viséan) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK', Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, vol. 133, no. 3, pp. 227-249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2022.04.005

APA

Hounslow, M. W., Somerville, I. D., Cózar, P., Chew, D., & Drakou, F. (2022). A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Viséan) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association, 133(3), 227-249. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pgeola.2022.04.005

Vancouver

Hounslow MW, Somerville ID, Cózar P, Chew D, Drakou F. A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Viséan) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK. Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. 2022 Jun 30;133(3):227-249. Epub 2022 May 14. doi: 10.1016/j.pgeola.2022.04.005

Author

Hounslow, M.W. ; Somerville, I.D. ; Cózar, P. et al. / A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Viséan) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK. In: Proceedings of the Geologists' Association. 2022 ; Vol. 133, No. 3. pp. 227-249.

Bibtex

@article{2660bae830c04e55972c0f56edc8a0a0,
title = "A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Vis{\'e}an) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK",
abstract = "Despite the importance of south Cumbrian sections for the Arundian–Holkerian (mid Vis{\'e}an) boundary, beyond the stratotype proposed at Barker Scar in 1976, little else is known regionally about this boundary and its relationship to adjacent formations. We re-evaluate the Dalton Formation, making its upper and lower boundaries regionally more consistent and precisely-defined, in good quality outcrops with associated biostratigraphy. The Dalton Formation is formally divided into the Blackstone Member and overlying Raven's Member. Rich foraminiferal assemblages of the Cf4δ subzone are recognised in the Blackstone Member and the lower to mid Raven's Member in nine sections. The Cf4γ–Cf4δ boundary is recognised in the underlying Red Hill Limestone Formation in 3 sections. The upper part of the Raven's Member shows the first appearance of taxa assigned to the Cf5α and Cf5β subzones of the Holkerian in three of the sections. Bentonitic shales in the mid and upper-most part of the Raven's Member were evaluated for zircon and apatite geochronology, although only 4 out of 504 analyses yielded Carboniferous ages, indicating an almost entirely detrital source. This detritus was northerly or northeasterly-derived and predominantly from the Southern Uplands Terrane with subsidiary input from the Lewisian Complex or eastern Greenland sources. Petrographic analysis identified 13 microfacies indicating that the Dalton Formation represents the inner to outer part of a southward inclined shelf, in which east–west changes in microfacies were generated by synsedimentary faulting inherited from northwest–southeast aligned basement structures. ",
keywords = "Dalton Formation, Foraminiferal biostratigraphy, Lithostratigraphy, Microfacies, Red Hill Limestone Formation, Vis{\'e}an",
author = "M.W. Hounslow and I.D. Somerville and P. C{\'o}zar and D. Chew and F. Drakou",
year = "2022",
month = jun,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1016/j.pgeola.2022.04.005",
language = "English",
volume = "133",
pages = "227--249",
journal = "Proceedings of the Geologists' Association",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A reassessment of Arundian–Holkerian (Viséan) carbonates in South Cumbria, UK

AU - Hounslow, M.W.

AU - Somerville, I.D.

AU - Cózar, P.

AU - Chew, D.

AU - Drakou, F.

PY - 2022/6/30

Y1 - 2022/6/30

N2 - Despite the importance of south Cumbrian sections for the Arundian–Holkerian (mid Viséan) boundary, beyond the stratotype proposed at Barker Scar in 1976, little else is known regionally about this boundary and its relationship to adjacent formations. We re-evaluate the Dalton Formation, making its upper and lower boundaries regionally more consistent and precisely-defined, in good quality outcrops with associated biostratigraphy. The Dalton Formation is formally divided into the Blackstone Member and overlying Raven's Member. Rich foraminiferal assemblages of the Cf4δ subzone are recognised in the Blackstone Member and the lower to mid Raven's Member in nine sections. The Cf4γ–Cf4δ boundary is recognised in the underlying Red Hill Limestone Formation in 3 sections. The upper part of the Raven's Member shows the first appearance of taxa assigned to the Cf5α and Cf5β subzones of the Holkerian in three of the sections. Bentonitic shales in the mid and upper-most part of the Raven's Member were evaluated for zircon and apatite geochronology, although only 4 out of 504 analyses yielded Carboniferous ages, indicating an almost entirely detrital source. This detritus was northerly or northeasterly-derived and predominantly from the Southern Uplands Terrane with subsidiary input from the Lewisian Complex or eastern Greenland sources. Petrographic analysis identified 13 microfacies indicating that the Dalton Formation represents the inner to outer part of a southward inclined shelf, in which east–west changes in microfacies were generated by synsedimentary faulting inherited from northwest–southeast aligned basement structures.

AB - Despite the importance of south Cumbrian sections for the Arundian–Holkerian (mid Viséan) boundary, beyond the stratotype proposed at Barker Scar in 1976, little else is known regionally about this boundary and its relationship to adjacent formations. We re-evaluate the Dalton Formation, making its upper and lower boundaries regionally more consistent and precisely-defined, in good quality outcrops with associated biostratigraphy. The Dalton Formation is formally divided into the Blackstone Member and overlying Raven's Member. Rich foraminiferal assemblages of the Cf4δ subzone are recognised in the Blackstone Member and the lower to mid Raven's Member in nine sections. The Cf4γ–Cf4δ boundary is recognised in the underlying Red Hill Limestone Formation in 3 sections. The upper part of the Raven's Member shows the first appearance of taxa assigned to the Cf5α and Cf5β subzones of the Holkerian in three of the sections. Bentonitic shales in the mid and upper-most part of the Raven's Member were evaluated for zircon and apatite geochronology, although only 4 out of 504 analyses yielded Carboniferous ages, indicating an almost entirely detrital source. This detritus was northerly or northeasterly-derived and predominantly from the Southern Uplands Terrane with subsidiary input from the Lewisian Complex or eastern Greenland sources. Petrographic analysis identified 13 microfacies indicating that the Dalton Formation represents the inner to outer part of a southward inclined shelf, in which east–west changes in microfacies were generated by synsedimentary faulting inherited from northwest–southeast aligned basement structures.

KW - Dalton Formation

KW - Foraminiferal biostratigraphy

KW - Lithostratigraphy

KW - Microfacies

KW - Red Hill Limestone Formation

KW - Viséan

U2 - 10.1016/j.pgeola.2022.04.005

DO - 10.1016/j.pgeola.2022.04.005

M3 - Journal article

VL - 133

SP - 227

EP - 249

JO - Proceedings of the Geologists' Association

JF - Proceedings of the Geologists' Association

IS - 3

ER -