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A Semi-autonomic Framework for Intrusion Tolerance in Heterogeneous Networks

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A suitable strategy for network intrusion tolerance—detecting intrusions and remedying them—depends on aspects of the domain being protected, such as the kinds of intrusion faced, the resources available for monitoring and remediation, and the level at which automated remediation can be carried out. The decision to remediate autonomically will have to consider the relative costs of performing a potentially disruptive remedy in the wrong circumstances and leaving it up to a slow, but more accurate, human operator. Autonomic remediation also needs to be withdrawn at some point â a phase of recovery to the normal network state. In this paper, we present a framework for deploying domain-adaptable intrusion-tolerance strategies in heterogeneous networks. Functionality is divided into that which is fixed by the domain and that which should adapt, in order to cope with heterogeneity. The interactions between detection and remediation are considered in order to make a stable recovery decision. We also present a model for combining diverse sources of monitoring to improve accurate decision making, an important pre-requisite to automated remediation.