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A simple and sensitive hydrogen peroxide detection with horseradish peroxidase immobilized on pyrene modified acid-treated single-walled carbon nanotubes

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/04/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Issue number4
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)1093-1099
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date27/11/19
<mark>Original language</mark>English


BACKGROUND: Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) plays an essential role in different reactions and mechanisms. Therefore, simple and sensitive detection of H2O2 becomes very important for both medical and environmental applications. RESULTS: Two-step immobilization of horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on acid-treated single-walled carbon nanotubes (cut-SWCNTs) was reported for the sensitive detection of H2O2 at physiological conditions. Cut-SWCNTs were first synthesized using acid treatment and then coated onto screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) for electrochemical optimization tests. Electrochemical characterization of cut-SWCNTs coated CSPEs showed a linear relationship between current and increasing material loading. Also, the films demonstrated good reproducibility and stability. Immobilization of HRP was then achieved successfully using pyrene crosslinking chemistry on cut-SWCNT coated SPEs. The detection of H2O2 was achieved with HRP/cut-SWCNT/SPE electrode configuration using voltammetry technique. The constructed biosensor has sensitivity and apparent Michaelis–Menten constant (Km) values of 34.1 μA L mmol–1 cm−2 and 0.47 mmol L–1, respectively within the linear range of 20 to 600 μmol L–1 H2O2 concentration. The biosensor also showed a good degree of reproducibility and low cross-contamination for tested interferences. CONCLUSION: H2O2 biosensor was successfully developed using cut-SWCNTs and HRP enzyme establishing successful direct electrochemical communication between the enzyme and electrode using pyrene crosslinking chemistry. This study suggests that developed biosensors could be promising for H2O2 detection in medical and environmental applications.