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    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology 27, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.sste.2018.09.002

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A spatial analysis of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis in relation to public water supply distribution in North West England

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A spatial analysis of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis in relation to public water supply distribution in North West England. / Reeve, N.F.; Diggle, P.J.; Lamden, K.; Keegan, T.

In: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology, Vol. 27, 11.2018, p. 61-70.

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@article{d04ecb6f6b504358b4b3a89689bd19f5,
title = "A spatial analysis of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis in relation to public water supply distribution in North West England",
abstract = "Giardia and Cryptosporidium are both waterborne parasites and leading causes of gastroenteritis. Although specimens from diarrhoeic patients are routinely examined for Cryptosporidium, they are often not examined for Giardia so many cases go undiagnosed. Since 2002, all faecal specimens in Central Lancashire have been tested for infection with Giardia and Cryptosporidium. The aim of this paper is to gain insight into the factors contributing to giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis, including evidence of transmission via drinking water. Our analysis found a higher risk of both conditions for young children and a second peak in risk of giardiasis in adults. There was a significantly higher risk of giardiasis for males and a higher risk of cryptosporidiosis for females. The geographical location was significant, with an increased risk in the north. Residence in an area with increased supply from one water treatment works was a significant predictor for cryptosporidiosis. {\textcopyright} 2018 Elsevier Ltd",
keywords = "Cryptosporidiosis, Gastrointestinal disease, Giardiasis, Public health, Spatial analysis, Surveillance, drinking water, adolescent, adult, aged, Article, bacterial transmission, child, cryptosporidiosis, Cryptosporidium, electricity, employment, England, female, Giardia, giardiasis, human, infant, major clinical study, male, middle aged, preschool child, priority journal, public health, school child, social work, spatial analysis, water supply, water treatment, young adult",
author = "N.F. Reeve and P.J. Diggle and K. Lamden and T. Keegan",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology 27, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.sste.2018.09.002",
year = "2018",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/j.sste.2018.09.002",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "61--70",
journal = "Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology",
issn = "1877-5845",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - A spatial analysis of giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis in relation to public water supply distribution in North West England

AU - Reeve, N.F.

AU - Diggle, P.J.

AU - Lamden, K.

AU - Keegan, T.

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology 27, 2018 DOI: 10.1016/j.sste.2018.09.002

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Giardia and Cryptosporidium are both waterborne parasites and leading causes of gastroenteritis. Although specimens from diarrhoeic patients are routinely examined for Cryptosporidium, they are often not examined for Giardia so many cases go undiagnosed. Since 2002, all faecal specimens in Central Lancashire have been tested for infection with Giardia and Cryptosporidium. The aim of this paper is to gain insight into the factors contributing to giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis, including evidence of transmission via drinking water. Our analysis found a higher risk of both conditions for young children and a second peak in risk of giardiasis in adults. There was a significantly higher risk of giardiasis for males and a higher risk of cryptosporidiosis for females. The geographical location was significant, with an increased risk in the north. Residence in an area with increased supply from one water treatment works was a significant predictor for cryptosporidiosis. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

AB - Giardia and Cryptosporidium are both waterborne parasites and leading causes of gastroenteritis. Although specimens from diarrhoeic patients are routinely examined for Cryptosporidium, they are often not examined for Giardia so many cases go undiagnosed. Since 2002, all faecal specimens in Central Lancashire have been tested for infection with Giardia and Cryptosporidium. The aim of this paper is to gain insight into the factors contributing to giardiasis and cryptosporidiosis, including evidence of transmission via drinking water. Our analysis found a higher risk of both conditions for young children and a second peak in risk of giardiasis in adults. There was a significantly higher risk of giardiasis for males and a higher risk of cryptosporidiosis for females. The geographical location was significant, with an increased risk in the north. Residence in an area with increased supply from one water treatment works was a significant predictor for cryptosporidiosis. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

KW - Cryptosporidiosis

KW - Gastrointestinal disease

KW - Giardiasis

KW - Public health

KW - Spatial analysis

KW - Surveillance

KW - drinking water

KW - adolescent

KW - adult

KW - aged

KW - Article

KW - bacterial transmission

KW - child

KW - cryptosporidiosis

KW - Cryptosporidium

KW - electricity

KW - employment

KW - England

KW - female

KW - Giardia

KW - giardiasis

KW - human

KW - infant

KW - major clinical study

KW - male

KW - middle aged

KW - preschool child

KW - priority journal

KW - public health

KW - school child

KW - social work

KW - spatial analysis

KW - water supply

KW - water treatment

KW - young adult

U2 - 10.1016/j.sste.2018.09.002

DO - 10.1016/j.sste.2018.09.002

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

SP - 61

EP - 70

JO - Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology

JF - Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology

SN - 1877-5845

ER -