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A systematic review of cognitive behavioural therapy for anxiety in adults with intellectual disabilities

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>30/11/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Intellectual Disability Research
Issue number11
Number of pages18
Pages (from-to)974-991
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date18/09/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Background: Anxiety disorders have high prevalence in people with intellectual disabilities. In populations without intellectual disabilities, cognitive behavioural therapy is a first line psychological therapy for these presentations. There is no existing review of the range of methods and outcomes from intervention studies in this area. Method: A systematic review was carried out following guidance in the Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions. Results: Nineteen studies were identified. The majority of reports were descriptive case studies; the most frequently described presentations were non-specific anxiety disorders and post-traumatic stress disorder; the most frequently described cognitive techniques were psycho-education and interventions directly aimed at thoughts and beliefs and most studies reported positive outcomes, although the better controlled studies tended to report less comprehensive impacts. Conclusions: A range of presentations have been described although the area is still at a primarily descriptive stage. We discuss intervention structures and approaches that require further research. © 2018 MENCAP and International Association of the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and John Wiley & Sons Ltd