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A Systematic Review on Sustainability-Oriented Innovation in the Social Enterprises

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • B. Harsanto
  • A. Mulyana
  • Y.A. Faisal
  • V.M. Shandy
  • M. Alam
Article number14771
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>9/11/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Sustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number22
Number of pages18
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Sustainability-oriented innovation (SOI) is a subset of innovation that focuses on not just maximizing profits but also on minimizing negative consequences for the environment and society. Despite the fact that the study of SOI has grown rapidly in recent years, little is known about how SOI takes place in social enterprises (SEs). The aim of this study is to understand SOI in SEs with two research questions focusing on the current state of the research and the identification of emergent themes and subthemes regarding SOI practices in SEs. The method used was a systematic review of the scholarly literature guided by the PRISMA protocol. The systematic search and filtering process resulted in 27 studies, which were filtered out of a total of 100 studies. The study’s findings show that process/organizational innovation, such as business model transformation and stakeholder management to increase SEs’ societal impact, is widely practiced in SEs. Unlike SOI in commercial organizations, which is dominant in the subcategory of SOI of environmental innovation, SOI in SEs is more prevalent in social innovation. Several challenges faced by SEs in developing SOIs were also revealed, including a lack of long-term funding, low entry barriers for potential competitors, and inefficiencies. A number of potential future directions were also discussed.