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  • A Unified Framework for Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access

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A Unified Framework for Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
  • Xinwei Yue
  • Zhijin Qin
  • Yuanwei Liu
  • Shaoli Kang
  • Yue Chen
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>16/11/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number11
Volume66
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)5346-5359
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date31/05/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This paper proposes a unified framework of nonorthogonal multiple access (NOMA) networks. Stochastic geometry is employed to model the locations of spatially NOMA users. The proposed unified NOMA framework is capable of being applied to both code-domain NOMA (CD-NOMA) and powerdomain NOMA (PD-NOMA). Since the detection of NOMA users mainly depend on efficient successive interference cancellation (SIC) schemes, both imperfect SIC (ipSIC) and perfect SIC (pSIC) are taken into account. To characterize the performance of the proposed unified NOMA framework, the exact and asymptotic expressions of outage probabilities as well as delay-limited throughput for CD/PD-NOMA with ipSIC/pSIC are derived. In order to obtain more insights, the diversity analysis of a pair of NOMA users (i.e., the n-th user and m-th user) are provided. Our analytical results reveal that: i) The diversity orders of the m-th and n-th user with pSIC for CD-NOMA are mK and nK, respectively; ii) Due to the influence of residual interference (RI), the n-th user with ipSIC obtains a zero diversity order; and iii) The diversity order is determined by the user who has the poorer channel conditions out of the pair. Finally, Monte Carlo simulations are presented to verify the analytical results: i) When the number of subcarriers becomes lager, the NOMA users are capable of achieving more steep slope in terms of outage probability; and ii) The outage behavior of CD-NOMA is superior to that of PD-NOMA.

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©2018 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.