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Adding forests to the water–energy–food nexus

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • F.P.L. Melo
  • L. Parry
  • P.H.S. Brancalion
  • S.R.R. Pinto
  • J. Freitas
  • A.P. Manhães
  • P. Meli
  • G. Ganade
  • R.L. Chazdon
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/02/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Nature Sustainability
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)85–92
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date14/09/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Forest and landscape restoration is a promising strategy for improving water, energy and food securities. We advocate that ‘forest security’ should form a fourth, foundational dimension of a novel water, energy, food and forest security nexus framework. Key principles of this new framework support an integrated role of forests in sustainable development, and engagement of local communities in nature-based solutions, particularly in the Global South. We believe that this new approach can help to accelerate the pace and magnitude of changes needed for achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. © 2020, Springer Nature Limited.