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Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley

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Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley. / Galloway, Andrew F; Akhtar, Jumana; Burak, Emma et al.

In: Plant Physiology, Vol. 190, No. 2, 31.10.2022, p. 1214-1227.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Galloway, AF, Akhtar, J, Burak, E, Marcus, SE, Field, KJ, Dodd, IC & Knox, P 2022, 'Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley', Plant Physiology, vol. 190, no. 2, pp. 1214-1227. https://doi.org/10.1093/plphys/kiac341

APA

Galloway, A. F., Akhtar, J., Burak, E., Marcus, S. E., Field, K. J., Dodd, I. C., & Knox, P. (2022). Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley. Plant Physiology, 190(2), 1214-1227. https://doi.org/10.1093/plphys/kiac341

Vancouver

Galloway AF, Akhtar J, Burak E, Marcus SE, Field KJ, Dodd IC et al. Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley. Plant Physiology. 2022 Oct 31;190(2):1214-1227. Epub 2022 Jul 25. doi: 10.1093/plphys/kiac341

Author

Galloway, Andrew F ; Akhtar, Jumana ; Burak, Emma et al. / Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley. In: Plant Physiology. 2022 ; Vol. 190, No. 2. pp. 1214-1227.

Bibtex

@article{41e7aef0dc564327bcc6842cae6e2e1e,
title = "Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley",
abstract = "Root exudates and rhizosheaths of attached soil are important features of growing roots. To elucidate factors involved in rhizosheath formation, wild-type (WT) barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Pallas) and a root hairless mutant, bald root barley (brb), were investigated with a combination of physiological, biochemical, and immunochemical assays. When grown in soil, WT barley roots bound ∼5-fold more soil than brb per unit root length. High molecular weight (HMW) polysaccharide exudates of brb roots had less soil-binding capacity than those of WT root exudates. Carbohydrate and glycan monoclonal antibody analyses of HMW polysaccharide exudates indicated differing glycan profiles. Relative to WT plants, root exudates of brb had reduced signals for arabinogalactan-protein (AGP), extensin, and heteroxylan epitopes. In contrast, the root exudate of 2-week-old brb plants contained ∼25-fold more detectable xyloglucan epitope relative to WT. Root system immunoprints confirmed the higher levels of release of the xyloglucan epitope from brb root apices and root axes relative to WT. Epitope detection with anion-exchange chromatography indicated that the increased detection of xyloglucan in brb exudates was due to enhanced abundance of a neutral polymer. Conversely, brb root exudates contained decreased amounts of an acidic polymer, with soil-binding properties, containing the xyloglucan epitope and glycoprotein and heteroxylan epitopes relative to WT. We, therefore, propose that, in addition to physically structuring soil particles, root hairs facilitate rhizosheath formation by releasing a soil-binding polysaccharide complex.",
keywords = "Plant Science, Genetics, Physiology",
author = "Galloway, {Andrew F} and Jumana Akhtar and Emma Burak and Marcus, {Susan E} and Field, {Katie J} and Dodd, {Ian C} and Paul Knox",
year = "2022",
month = oct,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1093/plphys/kiac341",
language = "English",
volume = "190",
pages = "1214--1227",
journal = "Plant Physiology",
issn = "0032-0889",
publisher = "American Society of Plant Biologists",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Altered properties and structures of root exudate polysaccharides in a root hairless mutant of barley

AU - Galloway, Andrew F

AU - Akhtar, Jumana

AU - Burak, Emma

AU - Marcus, Susan E

AU - Field, Katie J

AU - Dodd, Ian C

AU - Knox, Paul

PY - 2022/10/31

Y1 - 2022/10/31

N2 - Root exudates and rhizosheaths of attached soil are important features of growing roots. To elucidate factors involved in rhizosheath formation, wild-type (WT) barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Pallas) and a root hairless mutant, bald root barley (brb), were investigated with a combination of physiological, biochemical, and immunochemical assays. When grown in soil, WT barley roots bound ∼5-fold more soil than brb per unit root length. High molecular weight (HMW) polysaccharide exudates of brb roots had less soil-binding capacity than those of WT root exudates. Carbohydrate and glycan monoclonal antibody analyses of HMW polysaccharide exudates indicated differing glycan profiles. Relative to WT plants, root exudates of brb had reduced signals for arabinogalactan-protein (AGP), extensin, and heteroxylan epitopes. In contrast, the root exudate of 2-week-old brb plants contained ∼25-fold more detectable xyloglucan epitope relative to WT. Root system immunoprints confirmed the higher levels of release of the xyloglucan epitope from brb root apices and root axes relative to WT. Epitope detection with anion-exchange chromatography indicated that the increased detection of xyloglucan in brb exudates was due to enhanced abundance of a neutral polymer. Conversely, brb root exudates contained decreased amounts of an acidic polymer, with soil-binding properties, containing the xyloglucan epitope and glycoprotein and heteroxylan epitopes relative to WT. We, therefore, propose that, in addition to physically structuring soil particles, root hairs facilitate rhizosheath formation by releasing a soil-binding polysaccharide complex.

AB - Root exudates and rhizosheaths of attached soil are important features of growing roots. To elucidate factors involved in rhizosheath formation, wild-type (WT) barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Pallas) and a root hairless mutant, bald root barley (brb), were investigated with a combination of physiological, biochemical, and immunochemical assays. When grown in soil, WT barley roots bound ∼5-fold more soil than brb per unit root length. High molecular weight (HMW) polysaccharide exudates of brb roots had less soil-binding capacity than those of WT root exudates. Carbohydrate and glycan monoclonal antibody analyses of HMW polysaccharide exudates indicated differing glycan profiles. Relative to WT plants, root exudates of brb had reduced signals for arabinogalactan-protein (AGP), extensin, and heteroxylan epitopes. In contrast, the root exudate of 2-week-old brb plants contained ∼25-fold more detectable xyloglucan epitope relative to WT. Root system immunoprints confirmed the higher levels of release of the xyloglucan epitope from brb root apices and root axes relative to WT. Epitope detection with anion-exchange chromatography indicated that the increased detection of xyloglucan in brb exudates was due to enhanced abundance of a neutral polymer. Conversely, brb root exudates contained decreased amounts of an acidic polymer, with soil-binding properties, containing the xyloglucan epitope and glycoprotein and heteroxylan epitopes relative to WT. We, therefore, propose that, in addition to physically structuring soil particles, root hairs facilitate rhizosheath formation by releasing a soil-binding polysaccharide complex.

KW - Plant Science

KW - Genetics

KW - Physiology

U2 - 10.1093/plphys/kiac341

DO - 10.1093/plphys/kiac341

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 35876808

VL - 190

SP - 1214

EP - 1227

JO - Plant Physiology

JF - Plant Physiology

SN - 0032-0889

IS - 2

ER -