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Amyloid-derived peptide forms self-assembled monolayers on gold nanoparticle with a curvature-dependent β-sheet structure

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>28/02/2012
<mark>Journal</mark>ACS Nano
Issue number2
Number of pages11
Pages (from-to)1416-26
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Using a combination of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SSNMR) techniques, the secondary structure of peptides anchored on gold nanoparticles of different sizes is investigated. The structure of the well-studied CALNN-capped nanoparticles is compared to the structure of nanoparticles capped with a new cysteine-terminated peptide, CFGAILSS. The design of that peptide is derived from the minimal amyloidogenic sequence FGAIL of the human islet polypeptide amylin. We demonstrate that CFGAILSS forms extended fibrils in solution. When constrained at a nanoparticle surface, CFGAILSS adopts a secondary structure markedly different from CALNN. Taking into account the surface selection rules, the FTIR spectra of CFGAILSS-capped gold nanoparticles indicate the formation of β-sheets which are more prominent for 25 nm diameter nanoparticles than for 5 nm nanoparticles. No intermolecular (13)C-(13)C dipolar coupling is detected with rotational resonance SSNMR for CALNN-capped nanoparticles, while CALNN is in a random coil configuration. Coupling is detected for CFGAILSS-capped gold nanoparticles, however, consistent with an intermolecular (13)C-(13)C distance of 5.0 ± 0.3 Å, in agreement with intermolecular hydrogen bonding in a parallel β-sheet structure.