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An improved index for urban population distribution mapping based on nighttime lights (DMSP-OLS) data: An experiment in Riyadh province, Saudi Arabia

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An improved index for urban population distribution mapping based on nighttime lights (DMSP-OLS) data : An experiment in Riyadh province, Saudi Arabia. / Alahmadi, M.; Mansour, S.; Martin, D.; Atkinson, P.

In: Remote Sensing, Vol. 13, No. 6, 1171, 19.03.2021.

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@article{fb69d0205ea64b84846307d9853a3099,
title = "An improved index for urban population distribution mapping based on nighttime lights (DMSP-OLS) data: An experiment in Riyadh province, Saudi Arabia",
abstract = "Knowledge of the spatial pattern of the population is important. Census population data provide insufficient spatial information because they are released only for large geographic areas. Nighttime light (NTL) data have been utilized widely as an effective proxy for population mapping. However, the well-reported challenges of pixel overglow and saturation influence the applicability of the Defense Meteorological Program Operational Line-Scan System (DMSP-OLS) for accurate population mapping. This paper integrates three remotely sensed information sources, DMSP-OLS, vegetation, and bare land areas, to develop a novel index called the Vegetation-Bare Adjusted NTL Index (VBANTLI) to overcome the uncertainties in the DMSP-OLS data. The VBANTLI was applied to Riyadh province to downscale governorate-level census population for 2004 and 2010 to a gridded surface of 1 km resolution. The experimental results confirmed that the VBANTLI significantly reduced the overglow and saturation effects compared to widely applied indices such as the Human Settlement Index (HSI), Vegetation Adjusted Normalized Urban Index (VANUI), and radiance-calibrated NTL (RCNTL). The correlation coefficient between the census population and the RCNTL (R = 0.99) and VBANTLI (R = 0.98) was larger than for the HSI (R = 0.14) and VANUI (R = 0.81) products. In addition, Model 5 (VBANTLI) was the most accurate model with R2 and mean relative error (MRE) values of 0.95% and 37%, respectively. ",
keywords = "DMSP-OLS, Land cover/use, Nighttime, NTL, Population, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, Mapping, Surveys, Vegetation, Accurate modeling, Correlation coefficient, Human settlements, Information sources, Mean relative error, Night-time lights, Saturation effects, Spatial informations, Population statistics",
author = "M. Alahmadi and S. Mansour and D. Martin and P. Atkinson",
year = "2021",
month = mar,
day = "19",
doi = "10.3390/rs13061171",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "Remote Sensing",
issn = "2072-4292",
publisher = "MDPI AG",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An improved index for urban population distribution mapping based on nighttime lights (DMSP-OLS) data

T2 - An experiment in Riyadh province, Saudi Arabia

AU - Alahmadi, M.

AU - Mansour, S.

AU - Martin, D.

AU - Atkinson, P.

PY - 2021/3/19

Y1 - 2021/3/19

N2 - Knowledge of the spatial pattern of the population is important. Census population data provide insufficient spatial information because they are released only for large geographic areas. Nighttime light (NTL) data have been utilized widely as an effective proxy for population mapping. However, the well-reported challenges of pixel overglow and saturation influence the applicability of the Defense Meteorological Program Operational Line-Scan System (DMSP-OLS) for accurate population mapping. This paper integrates three remotely sensed information sources, DMSP-OLS, vegetation, and bare land areas, to develop a novel index called the Vegetation-Bare Adjusted NTL Index (VBANTLI) to overcome the uncertainties in the DMSP-OLS data. The VBANTLI was applied to Riyadh province to downscale governorate-level census population for 2004 and 2010 to a gridded surface of 1 km resolution. The experimental results confirmed that the VBANTLI significantly reduced the overglow and saturation effects compared to widely applied indices such as the Human Settlement Index (HSI), Vegetation Adjusted Normalized Urban Index (VANUI), and radiance-calibrated NTL (RCNTL). The correlation coefficient between the census population and the RCNTL (R = 0.99) and VBANTLI (R = 0.98) was larger than for the HSI (R = 0.14) and VANUI (R = 0.81) products. In addition, Model 5 (VBANTLI) was the most accurate model with R2 and mean relative error (MRE) values of 0.95% and 37%, respectively.

AB - Knowledge of the spatial pattern of the population is important. Census population data provide insufficient spatial information because they are released only for large geographic areas. Nighttime light (NTL) data have been utilized widely as an effective proxy for population mapping. However, the well-reported challenges of pixel overglow and saturation influence the applicability of the Defense Meteorological Program Operational Line-Scan System (DMSP-OLS) for accurate population mapping. This paper integrates three remotely sensed information sources, DMSP-OLS, vegetation, and bare land areas, to develop a novel index called the Vegetation-Bare Adjusted NTL Index (VBANTLI) to overcome the uncertainties in the DMSP-OLS data. The VBANTLI was applied to Riyadh province to downscale governorate-level census population for 2004 and 2010 to a gridded surface of 1 km resolution. The experimental results confirmed that the VBANTLI significantly reduced the overglow and saturation effects compared to widely applied indices such as the Human Settlement Index (HSI), Vegetation Adjusted Normalized Urban Index (VANUI), and radiance-calibrated NTL (RCNTL). The correlation coefficient between the census population and the RCNTL (R = 0.99) and VBANTLI (R = 0.98) was larger than for the HSI (R = 0.14) and VANUI (R = 0.81) products. In addition, Model 5 (VBANTLI) was the most accurate model with R2 and mean relative error (MRE) values of 0.95% and 37%, respectively.

KW - DMSP-OLS

KW - Land cover/use

KW - Nighttime

KW - NTL

KW - Population

KW - Riyadh

KW - Saudi Arabia

KW - Mapping

KW - Surveys

KW - Vegetation

KW - Accurate modeling

KW - Correlation coefficient

KW - Human settlements

KW - Information sources

KW - Mean relative error

KW - Night-time lights

KW - Saturation effects

KW - Spatial informations

KW - Population statistics

U2 - 10.3390/rs13061171

DO - 10.3390/rs13061171

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

JO - Remote Sensing

JF - Remote Sensing

SN - 2072-4292

IS - 6

M1 - 1171

ER -