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An unusual codon usage pattern in the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae and its implications for determining the source of cloned DNA

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An unusual codon usage pattern in the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae and its implications for determining the source of cloned DNA. / McEwan, Neil R.; Gatherer, Derek; Eschenlauer, Sylvain C. P.; McIntosh, Freda M.; Calza, Roger E.; Wallace, R. John; Newbold, C. Jamie.

In: Anaerobe, Vol. 6, No. 1, 02.2000, p. 21-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

McEwan, NR, Gatherer, D, Eschenlauer, SCP, McIntosh, FM, Calza, RE, Wallace, RJ & Newbold, CJ 2000, 'An unusual codon usage pattern in the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae and its implications for determining the source of cloned DNA', Anaerobe, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 21-28. https://doi.org/10.1006/anae.1999.0310

APA

McEwan, N. R., Gatherer, D., Eschenlauer, S. C. P., McIntosh, F. M., Calza, R. E., Wallace, R. J., & Newbold, C. J. (2000). An unusual codon usage pattern in the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae and its implications for determining the source of cloned DNA. Anaerobe, 6(1), 21-28. https://doi.org/10.1006/anae.1999.0310

Vancouver

Author

McEwan, Neil R. ; Gatherer, Derek ; Eschenlauer, Sylvain C. P. ; McIntosh, Freda M. ; Calza, Roger E. ; Wallace, R. John ; Newbold, C. Jamie. / An unusual codon usage pattern in the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae and its implications for determining the source of cloned DNA. In: Anaerobe. 2000 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 21-28.

Bibtex

@article{8149808b2c074d1e90cdd4330c13ca5b,
title = "An unusual codon usage pattern in the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae and its implications for determining the source of cloned DNA",
abstract = "A bias in the codon utilization pattern of members of the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae is described. A pattern of preferential use of AGA to encode arginine, and a bias against the occurrence of G in position three of codons for lysine, glutamine and glutamic acid, are described. Evidence is provided primarily for species of the Ophryoscolecidae family which are found in the rumen, but the general principle extends to a species found in non-rumen environments. Within those species found in the rumen, it appears to have the potential for use as a discriminatory tool for the identification of sequences against a background of possible contamination. The origin of such sequence contamination may be the host organism, plant material eaten by the host, and fungal material present in the host. Comparisons with other organisms possessing a similarly low GC content suggests that much of this codon bias is not solely attributable to the low GC content, but that a more complex phenomenon, such as strand bias, is in operation.",
keywords = "TRANSFER-RNA-SYNTHETASE, GENES, BIASES, ADAPTATION, SEQUENCES, SELECTION, EVOLUTION, POSITION, FEATURES, INDEX",
author = "McEwan, {Neil R.} and Derek Gatherer and Eschenlauer, {Sylvain C. P.} and McIntosh, {Freda M.} and Calza, {Roger E.} and Wallace, {R. John} and Newbold, {C. Jamie}",
year = "2000",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1006/anae.1999.0310",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "21--28",
journal = "Anaerobe",
issn = "1075-9964",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - An unusual codon usage pattern in the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae and its implications for determining the source of cloned DNA

AU - McEwan, Neil R.

AU - Gatherer, Derek

AU - Eschenlauer, Sylvain C. P.

AU - McIntosh, Freda M.

AU - Calza, Roger E.

AU - Wallace, R. John

AU - Newbold, C. Jamie

PY - 2000/2

Y1 - 2000/2

N2 - A bias in the codon utilization pattern of members of the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae is described. A pattern of preferential use of AGA to encode arginine, and a bias against the occurrence of G in position three of codons for lysine, glutamine and glutamic acid, are described. Evidence is provided primarily for species of the Ophryoscolecidae family which are found in the rumen, but the general principle extends to a species found in non-rumen environments. Within those species found in the rumen, it appears to have the potential for use as a discriminatory tool for the identification of sequences against a background of possible contamination. The origin of such sequence contamination may be the host organism, plant material eaten by the host, and fungal material present in the host. Comparisons with other organisms possessing a similarly low GC content suggests that much of this codon bias is not solely attributable to the low GC content, but that a more complex phenomenon, such as strand bias, is in operation.

AB - A bias in the codon utilization pattern of members of the ciliate family Ophryoscolecidae is described. A pattern of preferential use of AGA to encode arginine, and a bias against the occurrence of G in position three of codons for lysine, glutamine and glutamic acid, are described. Evidence is provided primarily for species of the Ophryoscolecidae family which are found in the rumen, but the general principle extends to a species found in non-rumen environments. Within those species found in the rumen, it appears to have the potential for use as a discriminatory tool for the identification of sequences against a background of possible contamination. The origin of such sequence contamination may be the host organism, plant material eaten by the host, and fungal material present in the host. Comparisons with other organisms possessing a similarly low GC content suggests that much of this codon bias is not solely attributable to the low GC content, but that a more complex phenomenon, such as strand bias, is in operation.

KW - TRANSFER-RNA-SYNTHETASE

KW - GENES

KW - BIASES

KW - ADAPTATION

KW - SEQUENCES

KW - SELECTION

KW - EVOLUTION

KW - POSITION

KW - FEATURES

KW - INDEX

U2 - 10.1006/anae.1999.0310

DO - 10.1006/anae.1999.0310

M3 - Journal article

VL - 6

SP - 21

EP - 28

JO - Anaerobe

JF - Anaerobe

SN - 1075-9964

IS - 1

ER -