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Analysis of chloride, bromide and iodide using miniaturised isotachophoresis on a planar polymer chip

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>24/08/2005
Issue number10
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)1375-1382
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


A new method has been developed to allow the determination of the halide anions chloride, bromide and iodide using isotachophoresis. This method employs a new electrolyte system which incorporates the novel application of indium(III) as a complexing agent. This electrolyte system was devised based on the findings of an investigation into the potential for using indium(III) as a complexing counter ion to selectively manipulate the effective mobilities of halide ions. A leading electrolyte incorporating 3.5 mmol dm−3 of indium(III) allowed the simultaneous determination of chloride, bromide and iodide to be successfully achieved. The new procedure allows such separations to be made without interference from common inorganic anions such as sulfate and nitrate. Separations were performed using a miniaturised planar poly(methyl methacrylate) chip with integrated platinum wire conductivity detection electrodes. Using this instrumentation the limits of detection were calculated to be 0.7 mg dm−3, 1.7 mg dm−3 and 2.2 mg dm−3 for chloride, bromide and iodide respectively.