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Analysis of controlled auto-ignition/HCCI combustion in a direct injection gasoline engine with single and split fuel injections

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Analysis of controlled auto-ignition/HCCI combustion in a direct injection gasoline engine with single and split fuel injections. / Cao, Li; Zhao, Hua; Jiang, Xi.

In: Combustion Science and Technology, Vol. 180, No. 1, 2008, p. 176-205.

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Cao, Li ; Zhao, Hua ; Jiang, Xi. / Analysis of controlled auto-ignition/HCCI combustion in a direct injection gasoline engine with single and split fuel injections. In: Combustion Science and Technology. 2008 ; Vol. 180, No. 1. pp. 176-205.

Bibtex

@article{dc8d64661fb34af78d07a3f555d9bd29,
title = "Analysis of controlled auto-ignition/HCCI combustion in a direct injection gasoline engine with single and split fuel injections",
abstract = "A multi-cycle three-dimensional CFD engine simulation programme has been developed and applied to analyze the Controlled autoignition (CAI) combustion, also known as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI), in a direct injection gasoline engine. CAI operation was achieved through the negative valve overlap method by means of a set of low lift camshafts. In the first part of the paper, the effect of single injection timing on combustion phasing and underlying physical and chemical processes involved was examined through a series of analytical studies using the multi-cycle 3D engine simulation programme. The analyses showed that early injection into the trapped burned gases of a lean-burn mixture during the negative valve overlap period had a large effect on combustion phasing, due to localized heat release and the production of chemically reactive species. As the injection was retarded to the intake stroke, the charge cooling effect tended to slow down the autoignition process. However, further retard of fuel injection to the compression stroke caused the earlier start of main combustion as fuel stratification was produced in the cylinder. In order to optimize the engine performance and engine-out emissions, double injection was investigated by injecting part of the fuel first in the negative valve overlap period and the rest of fuel during the intake or compression strokes. By varying the fueling of each injection, the best engine performance was obtained with the 50/50 fuel injection split ratio, while the lowest total NOx and soot emissions were seen with the optimal split injection ratio of 10/90.",
keywords = "CAI, direct injection gasoline engine, HCCI, multicycle 3D engine simulation, AUTOIGNITION",
author = "Li Cao and Hua Zhao and Xi Jiang",
year = "2008",
doi = "10.1080/00102200701600903",
language = "English",
volume = "180",
pages = "176--205",
journal = "Combustion Science and Technology",
issn = "0010-2202",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of controlled auto-ignition/HCCI combustion in a direct injection gasoline engine with single and split fuel injections

AU - Cao, Li

AU - Zhao, Hua

AU - Jiang, Xi

PY - 2008

Y1 - 2008

N2 - A multi-cycle three-dimensional CFD engine simulation programme has been developed and applied to analyze the Controlled autoignition (CAI) combustion, also known as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI), in a direct injection gasoline engine. CAI operation was achieved through the negative valve overlap method by means of a set of low lift camshafts. In the first part of the paper, the effect of single injection timing on combustion phasing and underlying physical and chemical processes involved was examined through a series of analytical studies using the multi-cycle 3D engine simulation programme. The analyses showed that early injection into the trapped burned gases of a lean-burn mixture during the negative valve overlap period had a large effect on combustion phasing, due to localized heat release and the production of chemically reactive species. As the injection was retarded to the intake stroke, the charge cooling effect tended to slow down the autoignition process. However, further retard of fuel injection to the compression stroke caused the earlier start of main combustion as fuel stratification was produced in the cylinder. In order to optimize the engine performance and engine-out emissions, double injection was investigated by injecting part of the fuel first in the negative valve overlap period and the rest of fuel during the intake or compression strokes. By varying the fueling of each injection, the best engine performance was obtained with the 50/50 fuel injection split ratio, while the lowest total NOx and soot emissions were seen with the optimal split injection ratio of 10/90.

AB - A multi-cycle three-dimensional CFD engine simulation programme has been developed and applied to analyze the Controlled autoignition (CAI) combustion, also known as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI), in a direct injection gasoline engine. CAI operation was achieved through the negative valve overlap method by means of a set of low lift camshafts. In the first part of the paper, the effect of single injection timing on combustion phasing and underlying physical and chemical processes involved was examined through a series of analytical studies using the multi-cycle 3D engine simulation programme. The analyses showed that early injection into the trapped burned gases of a lean-burn mixture during the negative valve overlap period had a large effect on combustion phasing, due to localized heat release and the production of chemically reactive species. As the injection was retarded to the intake stroke, the charge cooling effect tended to slow down the autoignition process. However, further retard of fuel injection to the compression stroke caused the earlier start of main combustion as fuel stratification was produced in the cylinder. In order to optimize the engine performance and engine-out emissions, double injection was investigated by injecting part of the fuel first in the negative valve overlap period and the rest of fuel during the intake or compression strokes. By varying the fueling of each injection, the best engine performance was obtained with the 50/50 fuel injection split ratio, while the lowest total NOx and soot emissions were seen with the optimal split injection ratio of 10/90.

KW - CAI

KW - direct injection gasoline engine

KW - HCCI

KW - multicycle 3D engine simulation

KW - AUTOIGNITION

U2 - 10.1080/00102200701600903

DO - 10.1080/00102200701600903

M3 - Journal article

VL - 180

SP - 176

EP - 205

JO - Combustion Science and Technology

JF - Combustion Science and Technology

SN - 0010-2202

IS - 1

ER -