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Applications of Raman spectroscopy in dentistry: Analysis of tooth structure

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  • R. Ramakrishnaiah
  • G.U. Rehman
  • S. Basavarajappa
  • A.A. Al Khuraif
  • B.H. Durgesh
  • A.S. Khan
  • I.U. Rehman
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2015
Issue number4
Number of pages19
Pages (from-to)332-350
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Tooth enamel is the most mineralized tissue in the human body, and in this article the use of Raman spectroscopy for the analysis of tooth structure, a comparison with synthetic apatites, and use in dentistry are described. Spectral peaks that are related to dental hard and soft tissues are discussed, which provide crucial data in understanding the chemical structural properties of dentin and enamel. The Raman spectrum of dentin confirms the presence of crystalline phosphate-based minerals in dentin. Both dentin and enamel consist of two primary components: an inorganic or mineral phase that closely resembles hydroxyapatite and the Raman spectrum of dentin that confirms the presence of crystalline phosphate-based minerals in dentin. Hence, the mineral phase in dentin and enamel may be characterized essentially as nonstoichiometric substituted apatite. The presence of carbonate (A and B type) incorporated in the hydroxyapatite lattice is also confirmed by the presence of spectral bands. The organic phase, which is mainly composed of type I collagen, is confirmed by the spectral bands of amide I and amide II bands, tryptophan, and phenylalanine. Furthermore, these spectral bands associated with organic and inorganic parts of the enamel and dentin are useful in predicting early formation of carries formation. © 2015 Ravikumar Ramakrishnaiah, Ghufran ur Rehman, Santhosh Basavarajappa, Abdulaziz Abdullah Al Khuraif, B. H. Durgesh, Abdul Samad Khan, and Ihtesham ur Rehman.