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Appraisal of hypomania relevant events : development of a questionnaire to assess positive self dispositional appraisals in bipolar and behavioural high risk samples.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>07/2006
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Affective Disorders
Issue number1-3
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)19-28
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Background This paper reports two studies concerned with the development and validation of the Hypomania Interpretations Questionnaire (HIQ) designed to assess positive self-dispositional appraisals for hypomania-relevant experiences. Methods Study 1: 203 late adolescent participants completed the HIQ along with additional measures of general symptom interpretation, dysfunctional attitudes and hypomanic personality. Study 2: 56 adults with a self-reported diagnosis of bipolar disorder and 39 controls completed a revised HIQ and a measure of current mood symptoms. Results Study 1: The final 10 item HIQ had two subscales: a) positive self-dispositional appraisals (HIQ-H); and b) normalising appraisals (HIQ-NE). Internal and test–retest reliability were adequate. Hypomanic personality scores were significantly and uniquely predicted by recent hypomania-relevant experiences and HIQ-H score. Study 2: HIQ remained internally reliable within this sample. Bipolar participants (BD) reported more subsyndromal mood symptoms than controls (C) and scored significantly higher on HIQ-H even after covarying for these. HIQ-H was the primary predictor of diagnostic group. Its ability to discriminate BD from C was confirmed by ROC analysis. Limitations The studies are cross-sectional and did not include non-bipolar psychiatric control groups. Conclusions HIQ appears to be a reliable and valid measure for the assessment of positive self-dispositional appraisals which seem to be linked to both hypomanic personality and bipolar disorder. The relevance of such appraisals for symptom exacerbation, relapse and psychological treatment would merit future investigation.