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    Rights statement: The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4), 2010, © ELSEVIER.

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Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders?

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Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders? / Cooper, Rachel.

In: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Vol. 41, No. 4, 12.2010, p. 325-332.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Cooper, R 2010, 'Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders?', Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 325-332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2010.10.003

APA

Cooper, R. (2010). Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 41(4), 325-332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2010.10.003

Vancouver

Cooper R. Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders? Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. 2010 Dec;41(4):325-332. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2010.10.003

Author

Cooper, Rachel. / Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders?. In: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences. 2010 ; Vol. 41, No. 4. pp. 325-332.

Bibtex

@article{d41ad59ec6ab4aaf9a69803bff05c13a,
title = "Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders?",
abstract = "This paper asks what it means to say that a disorder is a “real” disorder and then considers whether culture-bound syndromes are real disorders. Following J.L. Austin I note that when we ask whether some supposed culture-bound syndrome is a real disorder we should start by specifying what possible alternatives we have in mind. We might be asking whether the reported behaviours genuinely occur, that is, whether the culture-bound syndrome is a genuine phenomenon as opposed to a myth. We might be wondering whether the condition should rightly be considered a disorder, as opposed to some sort of non-disorder condition (for example, a non-disorder form of deviance, or a potentially valuable condition). We might want to know whether the culture-bound syndrome is really a distinct disorder, in the sense that scientific classification systems should include it as a separate category, or whether it is just a variant of a universally occurring disorder. I argue that some specific difficulties can arise with determining whether a culture-bound syndrome is a real disorder in each of these three senses. However, the frequent assumption that real disorders will necessarily occur universally, and that those that occur only in certain environments are suspicious is not generally justified.",
keywords = "Culture-bound syndromes, Reality , Disorder , Promiscuous realism, Austin",
author = "Rachel Cooper",
note = "The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4), 2010, {\textcopyright} ELSEVIER.",
year = "2010",
month = dec,
doi = "10.1016/j.shpsc.2010.10.003",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "325--332",
journal = "Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences",
issn = "1369-8486",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are culture-bound syndromes as real as universally-occurring disorders?

AU - Cooper, Rachel

N1 - The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4), 2010, © ELSEVIER.

PY - 2010/12

Y1 - 2010/12

N2 - This paper asks what it means to say that a disorder is a “real” disorder and then considers whether culture-bound syndromes are real disorders. Following J.L. Austin I note that when we ask whether some supposed culture-bound syndrome is a real disorder we should start by specifying what possible alternatives we have in mind. We might be asking whether the reported behaviours genuinely occur, that is, whether the culture-bound syndrome is a genuine phenomenon as opposed to a myth. We might be wondering whether the condition should rightly be considered a disorder, as opposed to some sort of non-disorder condition (for example, a non-disorder form of deviance, or a potentially valuable condition). We might want to know whether the culture-bound syndrome is really a distinct disorder, in the sense that scientific classification systems should include it as a separate category, or whether it is just a variant of a universally occurring disorder. I argue that some specific difficulties can arise with determining whether a culture-bound syndrome is a real disorder in each of these three senses. However, the frequent assumption that real disorders will necessarily occur universally, and that those that occur only in certain environments are suspicious is not generally justified.

AB - This paper asks what it means to say that a disorder is a “real” disorder and then considers whether culture-bound syndromes are real disorders. Following J.L. Austin I note that when we ask whether some supposed culture-bound syndrome is a real disorder we should start by specifying what possible alternatives we have in mind. We might be asking whether the reported behaviours genuinely occur, that is, whether the culture-bound syndrome is a genuine phenomenon as opposed to a myth. We might be wondering whether the condition should rightly be considered a disorder, as opposed to some sort of non-disorder condition (for example, a non-disorder form of deviance, or a potentially valuable condition). We might want to know whether the culture-bound syndrome is really a distinct disorder, in the sense that scientific classification systems should include it as a separate category, or whether it is just a variant of a universally occurring disorder. I argue that some specific difficulties can arise with determining whether a culture-bound syndrome is a real disorder in each of these three senses. However, the frequent assumption that real disorders will necessarily occur universally, and that those that occur only in certain environments are suspicious is not generally justified.

KW - Culture-bound syndromes

KW - Reality

KW - Disorder

KW - Promiscuous realism

KW - Austin

U2 - 10.1016/j.shpsc.2010.10.003

DO - 10.1016/j.shpsc.2010.10.003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 41

SP - 325

EP - 332

JO - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences

JF - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences

SN - 1369-8486

IS - 4

ER -