Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Area reputation as an under-acknowledged determ...

Electronic data

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Area reputation as an under-acknowledged determinant of health inequalities: evidence from a systems evaluation of a major community empowerment initiative in England

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineMeeting abstractpeer-review

Published

Standard

Area reputation as an under-acknowledged determinant of health inequalities: evidence from a systems evaluation of a major community empowerment initiative in England. / Ponsford, Ruth; Halliday, Emma; Collins, Michelle; Egan, Matthew; Scott, Courtney; Popay, Jennie.

In: The Lancet, Vol. 392, No. Suppl. 2, S72, 11.2018.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineMeeting abstractpeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{41cac48d593c46af972923c53edda48c,
title = "Area reputation as an under-acknowledged determinant of health inequalities: evidence from a systems evaluation of a major community empowerment initiative in England",
abstract = "BackgroundArea reputation (AR) refers to the ways that geographical localities are portrayed (eg, in media coverage) either positively or negatively. AR is rarely recognised as a social determinant of health inequalities and is not adequately considered in public health interventions. Using residents' accounts from a study of a major community empowerment initiative in England (Big Local), we aimed to map the potential health consequences of AR and see how it can be challenged through resident-led action.MethodsIn-depth longitudinal fieldwork included over 300 interviews in 15 areas covered by the Big Local initiative and a review of newspapers in two areas. Participants were aged over 18 years, resident or working locally, and active in Big Local. The fieldwork sites were geographically mixed (eg, wards, housing estates) and relatively deprived. AR was identified to be important for a third of areas, with data generation in these sites additionally investigating how AR was targeted for action. Qualitative data were coded in NVivo (version 11). Narrative memos were developed around particular themes and compared and contrasted across sites. COREQ criteria guided the reporting of findings.FindingsResidents reported that negative AR influenced community self-esteem and wellbeing and material investment into the area (eg, preventing people visiting). Negative media coverage perpetuated the poor reputation of areas. Residents also perceived that AR was shaped by public officials, local politicians, estate agents, and the public. Direct collective action taken through Big Local included publicity work to resist negative portrayals of areas in local newspapers. Indirect actions included festivals and neighbourhood improvements to increase the likelihood that visitors would view areas as safe and desirable places to visit. Findings also highlighted the civic roles of residents, challenging stereotyped images of communities living in disadvantaged areas.InterpretationPoor AR can influence life chances and quality of life through material and psychosocial pathways. Little empirical evidence exists on how to improve AR, so our study contributes to addressing this gap. A limitation is that we did not investigate why AR was not a priority in other similarly deprived areas. Strategies for addressing area-based disadvantage should consider AR as a mechanism for health and incorporate resident-led action to shift negative perceptions.",
author = "Ruth Ponsford and Emma Halliday and Michelle Collins and Matthew Egan and Courtney Scott and Jennie Popay",
year = "2018",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32156-1",
language = "English",
volume = "392",
journal = "The Lancet",
issn = "0140-6736",
publisher = "Lancet Publishing Group",
number = "Suppl. 2",
note = "Lancet Public Health Science Conference : Meeting Abstract: The Lancet, Volume 392, Supplement 2, November 2018 ; Conference date: 23-11-2018",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Area reputation as an under-acknowledged determinant of health inequalities: evidence from a systems evaluation of a major community empowerment initiative in England

AU - Ponsford, Ruth

AU - Halliday, Emma

AU - Collins, Michelle

AU - Egan, Matthew

AU - Scott, Courtney

AU - Popay, Jennie

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - BackgroundArea reputation (AR) refers to the ways that geographical localities are portrayed (eg, in media coverage) either positively or negatively. AR is rarely recognised as a social determinant of health inequalities and is not adequately considered in public health interventions. Using residents' accounts from a study of a major community empowerment initiative in England (Big Local), we aimed to map the potential health consequences of AR and see how it can be challenged through resident-led action.MethodsIn-depth longitudinal fieldwork included over 300 interviews in 15 areas covered by the Big Local initiative and a review of newspapers in two areas. Participants were aged over 18 years, resident or working locally, and active in Big Local. The fieldwork sites were geographically mixed (eg, wards, housing estates) and relatively deprived. AR was identified to be important for a third of areas, with data generation in these sites additionally investigating how AR was targeted for action. Qualitative data were coded in NVivo (version 11). Narrative memos were developed around particular themes and compared and contrasted across sites. COREQ criteria guided the reporting of findings.FindingsResidents reported that negative AR influenced community self-esteem and wellbeing and material investment into the area (eg, preventing people visiting). Negative media coverage perpetuated the poor reputation of areas. Residents also perceived that AR was shaped by public officials, local politicians, estate agents, and the public. Direct collective action taken through Big Local included publicity work to resist negative portrayals of areas in local newspapers. Indirect actions included festivals and neighbourhood improvements to increase the likelihood that visitors would view areas as safe and desirable places to visit. Findings also highlighted the civic roles of residents, challenging stereotyped images of communities living in disadvantaged areas.InterpretationPoor AR can influence life chances and quality of life through material and psychosocial pathways. Little empirical evidence exists on how to improve AR, so our study contributes to addressing this gap. A limitation is that we did not investigate why AR was not a priority in other similarly deprived areas. Strategies for addressing area-based disadvantage should consider AR as a mechanism for health and incorporate resident-led action to shift negative perceptions.

AB - BackgroundArea reputation (AR) refers to the ways that geographical localities are portrayed (eg, in media coverage) either positively or negatively. AR is rarely recognised as a social determinant of health inequalities and is not adequately considered in public health interventions. Using residents' accounts from a study of a major community empowerment initiative in England (Big Local), we aimed to map the potential health consequences of AR and see how it can be challenged through resident-led action.MethodsIn-depth longitudinal fieldwork included over 300 interviews in 15 areas covered by the Big Local initiative and a review of newspapers in two areas. Participants were aged over 18 years, resident or working locally, and active in Big Local. The fieldwork sites were geographically mixed (eg, wards, housing estates) and relatively deprived. AR was identified to be important for a third of areas, with data generation in these sites additionally investigating how AR was targeted for action. Qualitative data were coded in NVivo (version 11). Narrative memos were developed around particular themes and compared and contrasted across sites. COREQ criteria guided the reporting of findings.FindingsResidents reported that negative AR influenced community self-esteem and wellbeing and material investment into the area (eg, preventing people visiting). Negative media coverage perpetuated the poor reputation of areas. Residents also perceived that AR was shaped by public officials, local politicians, estate agents, and the public. Direct collective action taken through Big Local included publicity work to resist negative portrayals of areas in local newspapers. Indirect actions included festivals and neighbourhood improvements to increase the likelihood that visitors would view areas as safe and desirable places to visit. Findings also highlighted the civic roles of residents, challenging stereotyped images of communities living in disadvantaged areas.InterpretationPoor AR can influence life chances and quality of life through material and psychosocial pathways. Little empirical evidence exists on how to improve AR, so our study contributes to addressing this gap. A limitation is that we did not investigate why AR was not a priority in other similarly deprived areas. Strategies for addressing area-based disadvantage should consider AR as a mechanism for health and incorporate resident-led action to shift negative perceptions.

U2 - 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32156-1

DO - 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)32156-1

M3 - Meeting abstract

VL - 392

JO - The Lancet

JF - The Lancet

SN - 0140-6736

IS - Suppl. 2

M1 - S72

T2 - Lancet Public Health Science Conference

Y2 - 23 November 2018

ER -