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Assessing Loss and Damage of Low-Exposed Sudden-Onset Disasters: Evidence from the Marginal Salt Cultivators of Kutubdia Island, Bangladesh

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Publication date1/10/2022
Host publicationDisaster Risk Reduction for Resilience: Disaster Economic Vulnerability and Recovery Programs
EditorsSaeid Eslamian, Faezeh Eslamian
Place of PublicationCham
Number of pages24
ISBN (electronic)9783031083259
ISBN (print)9783031083242
<mark>Original language</mark>English


In recent years in Bangladesh, there has been regular cyclonic event, flooding and erratic pre-monsoon precipitation, that has hampered production greatly and forced Bangladesh to import salt from abroad to manage market deficiency. There is much uncertainty about the effects of climate change on the frequency and intensity of small-scale, sudden-onset weather phenomena such as heavy rainfall and subsequent loss and damage (L&D). But, several studies indicate that an obvious strong relationship exists between irregular rainfall and associated L&D. Nowadays, severe changing rainfall patterns are observed in Bangladesh, which is rapid onset in nature, but low exposed in terms of response. The current study explored a “double-exposed” burden combined of both climatic (e.g., uneven rainfall) and non-climatic governance factors (e.g., imperfect trade policy, the absence of risk transfer mechanisms) which are hindering salt production and pushing the country from the aspiration of salt exporting to the net buyer. This chapter mainly assesses the impacts of L&D due to climatic events that are causing overwhelming effects on the well-being of marginal salt farmers at Kutubdia Upazila of Bangladesh. Data were mainly collected through participatory vulnerability analysis (PVA), key informant interviews (KII), and sample surveys (SS). This study would provide insights for improved disaster management policy and an appropriate adaptive measure to address such extreme events as well as to initiate a further study for understanding the nexus of “nature and market” in building resilience among the marginal salt farmers.