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Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

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Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection. / Donkersley, Philip; Silva, Farley W.S.; Alves, Murilo S. ; Carvalho, Claudine M. ; Al-Sadi, Abdullah M. ; Elliot, Simon L.

Plant Pathology and Management of Plant Diseases [Working Title]. London : InTech, 2019.

Research output: Contribution in Book/Report/Proceedings - With ISBN/ISSNChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Harvard

Donkersley, P, Silva, FWS, Alves, MS, Carvalho, CM, Al-Sadi, AM & Elliot, SL 2019, Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection. in Plant Pathology and Management of Plant Diseases [Working Title]. InTech, London. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.86650

APA

Donkersley, P., Silva, F. W. S., Alves, M. S., Carvalho, C. M., Al-Sadi, A. M., & Elliot, S. L. (2019). Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection. In Plant Pathology and Management of Plant Diseases [Working Title] InTech. https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.86650

Vancouver

Donkersley P, Silva FWS, Alves MS, Carvalho CM, Al-Sadi AM, Elliot SL. Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection. In Plant Pathology and Management of Plant Diseases [Working Title]. London: InTech. 2019 https://doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.86650

Author

Donkersley, Philip ; Silva, Farley W.S. ; Alves, Murilo S. ; Carvalho, Claudine M. ; Al-Sadi, Abdullah M. ; Elliot, Simon L. / Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection. Plant Pathology and Management of Plant Diseases [Working Title]. London : InTech, 2019.

Bibtex

@inbook{4378565aa374410084615e79af164cd7,
title = "Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection",
abstract = "Asymptomatic infections are by their nature challenging to study and even more difficult to monitor across broad geographical ranges, particularly as methods are reliant on expensive molecular techniques. The plant pathogen that causes Witches{\textquoteright} Broom disease of lime (Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia) is a major limiting factor in lime production across the Middle East and was recently detected in Brazil, but without the typical symptoms from the Middle East. Here, we discuss the difficulty of monitoring asymptomatic infections and highlight the threat posed by highlight future outbreaks. Asymptomatic infections have important implications for understanding the evolution of pathogens within perennial hosts. We use three model systems of asymptomatic infections: (i) a Phytoplasma and (ii) a bacterial infection of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and (iii) an “out-group” Phytoplasma of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) to demonstrate consistency across divergent hosts. We found that although all plants in the study were intentionally infected, assays typically did not confirm this diagnosis. Emergent technologies monitoring gene expression could be used to both study novel biology associated with asymptomatic infections and develop monitoring technologies. We highlight the difficulty of monitoring asymptomatic infections in possible future outbreaks and have important implications for understanding the evolution of pathogens within perennial hosts.",
author = "Philip Donkersley and Silva, {Farley W.S.} and Alves, {Murilo S.} and Carvalho, {Claudine M.} and Al-Sadi, {Abdullah M.} and Elliot, {Simon L}",
year = "2019",
month = jun,
day = "28",
doi = "10.5772/intechopen.86650",
language = "English",
booktitle = "Plant Pathology and Management of Plant Diseases [Working Title]",
publisher = "InTech",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Asymptomatic Phytoplasma Reveal a Novel and Troublesome Infection

AU - Donkersley, Philip

AU - Silva, Farley W.S.

AU - Alves, Murilo S.

AU - Carvalho, Claudine M.

AU - Al-Sadi, Abdullah M.

AU - Elliot, Simon L

PY - 2019/6/28

Y1 - 2019/6/28

N2 - Asymptomatic infections are by their nature challenging to study and even more difficult to monitor across broad geographical ranges, particularly as methods are reliant on expensive molecular techniques. The plant pathogen that causes Witches’ Broom disease of lime (Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia) is a major limiting factor in lime production across the Middle East and was recently detected in Brazil, but without the typical symptoms from the Middle East. Here, we discuss the difficulty of monitoring asymptomatic infections and highlight the threat posed by highlight future outbreaks. Asymptomatic infections have important implications for understanding the evolution of pathogens within perennial hosts. We use three model systems of asymptomatic infections: (i) a Phytoplasma and (ii) a bacterial infection of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and (iii) an “out-group” Phytoplasma of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) to demonstrate consistency across divergent hosts. We found that although all plants in the study were intentionally infected, assays typically did not confirm this diagnosis. Emergent technologies monitoring gene expression could be used to both study novel biology associated with asymptomatic infections and develop monitoring technologies. We highlight the difficulty of monitoring asymptomatic infections in possible future outbreaks and have important implications for understanding the evolution of pathogens within perennial hosts.

AB - Asymptomatic infections are by their nature challenging to study and even more difficult to monitor across broad geographical ranges, particularly as methods are reliant on expensive molecular techniques. The plant pathogen that causes Witches’ Broom disease of lime (Candidatus Phytoplasma aurantifolia) is a major limiting factor in lime production across the Middle East and was recently detected in Brazil, but without the typical symptoms from the Middle East. Here, we discuss the difficulty of monitoring asymptomatic infections and highlight the threat posed by highlight future outbreaks. Asymptomatic infections have important implications for understanding the evolution of pathogens within perennial hosts. We use three model systems of asymptomatic infections: (i) a Phytoplasma and (ii) a bacterial infection of lime (Citrus aurantifolia) and (iii) an “out-group” Phytoplasma of Cassava (Manihot esculenta) to demonstrate consistency across divergent hosts. We found that although all plants in the study were intentionally infected, assays typically did not confirm this diagnosis. Emergent technologies monitoring gene expression could be used to both study novel biology associated with asymptomatic infections and develop monitoring technologies. We highlight the difficulty of monitoring asymptomatic infections in possible future outbreaks and have important implications for understanding the evolution of pathogens within perennial hosts.

U2 - 10.5772/intechopen.86650

DO - 10.5772/intechopen.86650

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

BT - Plant Pathology and Management of Plant Diseases [Working Title]

PB - InTech

CY - London

ER -