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Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly: An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit

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Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly : An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit. / Holland, C. A.; Rabbitt, P. M. A.

In: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, Vol. 42, No. 3, 01.08.1990, p. 441-470.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Holland, CA & Rabbitt, PMA 1990, 'Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly: An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit', The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 441-470. https://doi.org/10.1080/14640749008401232

APA

Holland, C. A., & Rabbitt, P. M. A. (1990). Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly: An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 42(3), 441-470. https://doi.org/10.1080/14640749008401232

Vancouver

Holland CA, Rabbitt PMA. Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly: An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 1990 Aug 1;42(3):441-470. https://doi.org/10.1080/14640749008401232

Author

Holland, C. A. ; Rabbitt, P. M. A. / Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly : An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit. In: The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A. 1990 ; Vol. 42, No. 3. pp. 441-470.

Bibtex

@article{85898dace56d4f0a97f49230cf6d1022,
title = "Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly: An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit",
abstract = "This study examined different explanations of age-related impairments in recall of details from text and autobiographical events. An interpretation of Central Executive Capacity Deficit was supported and explored further. This suggests that details are more demanding of capacity than main points, and that ability to appropriately integrate details with context is likely to be impaired. An implication was that irrelevant and false information may occur, and this was supported in both autobiographical and text recall. The effects were then examined in relation to various measures of ability. The aim was to determine whether declining capacity (as indicated by “Fluid Intelligence” measures) predicted ability to recall in a detailed manner. The difficulty with details was predicted independently by chronological age and by measures of fluid (e.g. AH4 intelligence test) and the more crystallized verbal ability (Mill Hill vocabulary test). Only a measure of the specificity of autobiographical recall was predicted solely by measures of fluid intelligence. Decreased specificity was not a result of faster decay of memory for details, as there was little difference across the lifespan. The resource deficit appears to affect retrieval and appropriate implementation of detail. It was concluded that lower-ability elderly subjects have decreased Central Executive resources, which leads to poor (often inappropriate) integration of details with central thematic points, but that subjects{\textquoteright} verbal ability, which does not decline with age, still has an important part to play.",
author = "Holland, {C. A.} and Rabbitt, {P. M. A.}",
year = "1990",
month = aug,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/14640749008401232",
language = "English",
volume = "42",
pages = "441--470",
journal = "Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology",
issn = "0272-4987",
publisher = "Psychology Press Ltd",
number = "3",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autobiographical and Text Recall in the Elderly

T2 - An Investigation of a Processing Resource Deficit

AU - Holland, C. A.

AU - Rabbitt, P. M. A.

PY - 1990/8/1

Y1 - 1990/8/1

N2 - This study examined different explanations of age-related impairments in recall of details from text and autobiographical events. An interpretation of Central Executive Capacity Deficit was supported and explored further. This suggests that details are more demanding of capacity than main points, and that ability to appropriately integrate details with context is likely to be impaired. An implication was that irrelevant and false information may occur, and this was supported in both autobiographical and text recall. The effects were then examined in relation to various measures of ability. The aim was to determine whether declining capacity (as indicated by “Fluid Intelligence” measures) predicted ability to recall in a detailed manner. The difficulty with details was predicted independently by chronological age and by measures of fluid (e.g. AH4 intelligence test) and the more crystallized verbal ability (Mill Hill vocabulary test). Only a measure of the specificity of autobiographical recall was predicted solely by measures of fluid intelligence. Decreased specificity was not a result of faster decay of memory for details, as there was little difference across the lifespan. The resource deficit appears to affect retrieval and appropriate implementation of detail. It was concluded that lower-ability elderly subjects have decreased Central Executive resources, which leads to poor (often inappropriate) integration of details with central thematic points, but that subjects’ verbal ability, which does not decline with age, still has an important part to play.

AB - This study examined different explanations of age-related impairments in recall of details from text and autobiographical events. An interpretation of Central Executive Capacity Deficit was supported and explored further. This suggests that details are more demanding of capacity than main points, and that ability to appropriately integrate details with context is likely to be impaired. An implication was that irrelevant and false information may occur, and this was supported in both autobiographical and text recall. The effects were then examined in relation to various measures of ability. The aim was to determine whether declining capacity (as indicated by “Fluid Intelligence” measures) predicted ability to recall in a detailed manner. The difficulty with details was predicted independently by chronological age and by measures of fluid (e.g. AH4 intelligence test) and the more crystallized verbal ability (Mill Hill vocabulary test). Only a measure of the specificity of autobiographical recall was predicted solely by measures of fluid intelligence. Decreased specificity was not a result of faster decay of memory for details, as there was little difference across the lifespan. The resource deficit appears to affect retrieval and appropriate implementation of detail. It was concluded that lower-ability elderly subjects have decreased Central Executive resources, which leads to poor (often inappropriate) integration of details with central thematic points, but that subjects’ verbal ability, which does not decline with age, still has an important part to play.

U2 - 10.1080/14640749008401232

DO - 10.1080/14640749008401232

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 2236630

AN - SCOPUS:0025471805

VL - 42

SP - 441

EP - 470

JO - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology

JF - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Series a Human Experimental Psychology

SN - 0272-4987

IS - 3

ER -