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Autonomous real-time object detection and identification

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Autonomous real-time object detection and identification. / Morris, Gruffydd Beaufoy.

Lancaster University, 2017. 215 p.

Research output: ThesisDoctoral Thesis

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Morris GB. Autonomous real-time object detection and identification. Lancaster University, 2017. 215 p. doi: 10.17635/lancaster/thesis/131

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Bibtex

@phdthesis{cc7ed53deeed481abddf48b8fb106cc3,
title = "Autonomous real-time object detection and identification",
abstract = "Sensor devices are regularly used on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) as reconnaissance and intelligence gathering systems and as support for front line troops on operations. This platform provides a wealth of sensor data and has limited computational power available for processing. The objective of this work is to detect and identify objects in real-time, with a low power footprint so that it can operate on a UAV. An appraisal of current computer vision methods is presented, with reference to their performance and applicability to the objectives. Experimentation with real-time methods of background subtraction and motion estimation was carried out and limitations of each method described. A new, assumption free, data driven method for object detection and identification was developed. The core ideas of the development were based on models that propose that the human vision system analyses edges of objects to detect and separate them and perceives motion separately, a function which has been modelled here by optical flow. The initial development in the temporal domain combined object and motion detection in the analysis process. This approach was found to have limitations. The second iteration used a detection component in the spatial domain that extracts texture patches based on edge contours, their profile, and internal texture structure. Motion perception was performed separately on the texture patches using optical flow. The motion and spatial location of texture patches was used to define physical objects. A clustering method is used on the rich feature set extracted by the detection method to characterise the objects. The results show that the method carries out detection and identification of both moving and static objects, in real-time, irrespective of camera motion.",
keywords = "Computer vision, OBJECT RECOGNITION, real time, Edge detection, Optical flow",
author = "Morris, {Gruffydd Beaufoy}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.17635/lancaster/thesis/131",
language = "English",
publisher = "Lancaster University",
school = "Lancaster University",

}

RIS

TY - THES

T1 - Autonomous real-time object detection and identification

AU - Morris, Gruffydd Beaufoy

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Sensor devices are regularly used on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) as reconnaissance and intelligence gathering systems and as support for front line troops on operations. This platform provides a wealth of sensor data and has limited computational power available for processing. The objective of this work is to detect and identify objects in real-time, with a low power footprint so that it can operate on a UAV. An appraisal of current computer vision methods is presented, with reference to their performance and applicability to the objectives. Experimentation with real-time methods of background subtraction and motion estimation was carried out and limitations of each method described. A new, assumption free, data driven method for object detection and identification was developed. The core ideas of the development were based on models that propose that the human vision system analyses edges of objects to detect and separate them and perceives motion separately, a function which has been modelled here by optical flow. The initial development in the temporal domain combined object and motion detection in the analysis process. This approach was found to have limitations. The second iteration used a detection component in the spatial domain that extracts texture patches based on edge contours, their profile, and internal texture structure. Motion perception was performed separately on the texture patches using optical flow. The motion and spatial location of texture patches was used to define physical objects. A clustering method is used on the rich feature set extracted by the detection method to characterise the objects. The results show that the method carries out detection and identification of both moving and static objects, in real-time, irrespective of camera motion.

AB - Sensor devices are regularly used on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) as reconnaissance and intelligence gathering systems and as support for front line troops on operations. This platform provides a wealth of sensor data and has limited computational power available for processing. The objective of this work is to detect and identify objects in real-time, with a low power footprint so that it can operate on a UAV. An appraisal of current computer vision methods is presented, with reference to their performance and applicability to the objectives. Experimentation with real-time methods of background subtraction and motion estimation was carried out and limitations of each method described. A new, assumption free, data driven method for object detection and identification was developed. The core ideas of the development were based on models that propose that the human vision system analyses edges of objects to detect and separate them and perceives motion separately, a function which has been modelled here by optical flow. The initial development in the temporal domain combined object and motion detection in the analysis process. This approach was found to have limitations. The second iteration used a detection component in the spatial domain that extracts texture patches based on edge contours, their profile, and internal texture structure. Motion perception was performed separately on the texture patches using optical flow. The motion and spatial location of texture patches was used to define physical objects. A clustering method is used on the rich feature set extracted by the detection method to characterise the objects. The results show that the method carries out detection and identification of both moving and static objects, in real-time, irrespective of camera motion.

KW - Computer vision

KW - OBJECT RECOGNITION

KW - real time

KW - Edge detection

KW - Optical flow

U2 - 10.17635/lancaster/thesis/131

DO - 10.17635/lancaster/thesis/131

M3 - Doctoral Thesis

PB - Lancaster University

ER -