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Ayub Khan’s basic democracy and political continuity in contemporary Pakistan

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/09/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs
Issue number3
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)268-277
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The paper looks at the concept of political ‘hybridity’ within the broader framework of Pakistan’s domestic politics. Whilst analysing Pakistan’s domestic politics, most analysts tend to view the country’s political system as authoritarian and label it as a military dictatorship. Whilst this has been true for most of Pakistan’s history since it came into existence in 1947, it is also equally important to look at the role played by the more democratic elements of Pakistani society in politics, and the interactions that have taken place between the more democratic forces on the one hand, and the more authoritarian elements on the other. This paper moves away from traditional ways of viewing Pakistan’s domestic politics and focuses more on the grey areas, instead of viewing the country in black or white terms. In doing so, the paper has a strong focus on Ayub Khan’s concept of Basic Democracy.