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Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions

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Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions. / Verheijen, Frank G. A.; Bastos, Ana Catarina; Vasques, Ana et al.

In: Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Vol. 22, No. 2, 30.06.2022, p. 1732-1742.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Verheijen, FGA, Bastos, AC, Vasques, A, Mesquita, R, Keizer, JJ, Silva, FC, Jesus, C, Amaral, J & Pinto, G 2022, 'Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions', Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 1732-1742. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-022-00767-2

APA

Verheijen, F. G. A., Bastos, A. C., Vasques, A., Mesquita, R., Keizer, J. J., Silva, F. C., Jesus, C., Amaral, J., & Pinto, G. (2022). Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 22(2), 1732-1742. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42729-022-00767-2

Vancouver

Verheijen FGA, Bastos AC, Vasques A, Mesquita R, Keizer JJ, Silva FC et al. Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2022 Jun 30;22(2):1732-1742. Epub 2022 Jan 17. doi: 10.1007/s42729-022-00767-2

Author

Verheijen, Frank G. A. ; Bastos, Ana Catarina ; Vasques, Ana et al. / Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions. In: Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition. 2022 ; Vol. 22, No. 2. pp. 1732-1742.

Bibtex

@article{fe185706121a44e59452b4120ba4d274,
title = "Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions",
abstract = "Soil amendment with biochar is being considered as a strategy for improving available soil water and nutrient content and, thereby, plant performance. Our aim was to investigate whether physiological, biochemical and morphological responses of Eucalyptus globulus to biochar amendment were dependent on watering regime. We conducted a randomized, 6-week greenhouse experiment with 5-month old eucalypt rooted cuttings in sandy soil, with the factors: {\textquoteleft}biochar application rate{\textquoteright} (0% and 4%, ww−1), {\textquoteleft}watering regime{\textquoteright} (20% and 80% of maximum soil water holding capacity; MWHC) and {\textquoteleft}fertilization{\textquoteright} (with and without). Increased plant physiological responses to biochar were the most pronounced under water-limited and unfertilized conditions, with a significant increase in leaf water use efficiency (WUE; + 40%), net photosynthetic rate (+ 60%) and plant survival rate (+ 33%), while plant biomass was unchanged. Under water-limited and fertilized conditions, we found no significant biochar effects, except for a small reduction in photochemical and non-photochemical quenching (qP and NPQ, respectively). Under well-watered and fertilized conditions, biochar did not affect leaf WUE or total biomass but reduced the number of branches (− 30%) and photosynthetic rate (− 24%). Finally, under well-watered and unfertilized conditions, biochar was associated with apical leaf deformation, indicating potential micronutrient deficiency, as well as an increase in total soluble sugars and a decrease in stomatal conductance. While the observed benefits suggest that a woody biochar may be advantageous in managing un-irrigated eucalypt plantations, particularly during the planting period, the occurrence of trade-offs urges for long-term studies that account for different dynamic watering regimes, biochar types and application rates, as well as soil–plant-biochar-climate combinations.",
keywords = "Biochar, Watering regimes, Leaf physiology, Plant growth, Trade-offs, Eucalypt plants",
author = "Verheijen, {Frank G. A.} and Bastos, {Ana Catarina} and Ana Vasques and Raquel Mesquita and Keizer, {Jan J} and Silva, {Fl{\'a}vio C.} and Cl{\'a}udia Jesus and Joana Amaral and Gl{\'o}ria Pinto",
year = "2022",
month = jun,
day = "30",
doi = "10.1007/s42729-022-00767-2",
language = "English",
volume = "22",
pages = "1732--1742",
journal = "Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition ",
issn = "0718-9508",
publisher = "SOC CHILENA CIENCIA SUELO",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biochar Increases Water Use Efficiency in Eucalypt Plants Under Water and Nutrient Limitation, with Trade-Offs Under Non-limiting Conditions

AU - Verheijen, Frank G. A.

AU - Bastos, Ana Catarina

AU - Vasques, Ana

AU - Mesquita, Raquel

AU - Keizer, Jan J

AU - Silva, Flávio C.

AU - Jesus, Cláudia

AU - Amaral, Joana

AU - Pinto, Glória

PY - 2022/6/30

Y1 - 2022/6/30

N2 - Soil amendment with biochar is being considered as a strategy for improving available soil water and nutrient content and, thereby, plant performance. Our aim was to investigate whether physiological, biochemical and morphological responses of Eucalyptus globulus to biochar amendment were dependent on watering regime. We conducted a randomized, 6-week greenhouse experiment with 5-month old eucalypt rooted cuttings in sandy soil, with the factors: ‘biochar application rate’ (0% and 4%, ww−1), ‘watering regime’ (20% and 80% of maximum soil water holding capacity; MWHC) and ‘fertilization’ (with and without). Increased plant physiological responses to biochar were the most pronounced under water-limited and unfertilized conditions, with a significant increase in leaf water use efficiency (WUE; + 40%), net photosynthetic rate (+ 60%) and plant survival rate (+ 33%), while plant biomass was unchanged. Under water-limited and fertilized conditions, we found no significant biochar effects, except for a small reduction in photochemical and non-photochemical quenching (qP and NPQ, respectively). Under well-watered and fertilized conditions, biochar did not affect leaf WUE or total biomass but reduced the number of branches (− 30%) and photosynthetic rate (− 24%). Finally, under well-watered and unfertilized conditions, biochar was associated with apical leaf deformation, indicating potential micronutrient deficiency, as well as an increase in total soluble sugars and a decrease in stomatal conductance. While the observed benefits suggest that a woody biochar may be advantageous in managing un-irrigated eucalypt plantations, particularly during the planting period, the occurrence of trade-offs urges for long-term studies that account for different dynamic watering regimes, biochar types and application rates, as well as soil–plant-biochar-climate combinations.

AB - Soil amendment with biochar is being considered as a strategy for improving available soil water and nutrient content and, thereby, plant performance. Our aim was to investigate whether physiological, biochemical and morphological responses of Eucalyptus globulus to biochar amendment were dependent on watering regime. We conducted a randomized, 6-week greenhouse experiment with 5-month old eucalypt rooted cuttings in sandy soil, with the factors: ‘biochar application rate’ (0% and 4%, ww−1), ‘watering regime’ (20% and 80% of maximum soil water holding capacity; MWHC) and ‘fertilization’ (with and without). Increased plant physiological responses to biochar were the most pronounced under water-limited and unfertilized conditions, with a significant increase in leaf water use efficiency (WUE; + 40%), net photosynthetic rate (+ 60%) and plant survival rate (+ 33%), while plant biomass was unchanged. Under water-limited and fertilized conditions, we found no significant biochar effects, except for a small reduction in photochemical and non-photochemical quenching (qP and NPQ, respectively). Under well-watered and fertilized conditions, biochar did not affect leaf WUE or total biomass but reduced the number of branches (− 30%) and photosynthetic rate (− 24%). Finally, under well-watered and unfertilized conditions, biochar was associated with apical leaf deformation, indicating potential micronutrient deficiency, as well as an increase in total soluble sugars and a decrease in stomatal conductance. While the observed benefits suggest that a woody biochar may be advantageous in managing un-irrigated eucalypt plantations, particularly during the planting period, the occurrence of trade-offs urges for long-term studies that account for different dynamic watering regimes, biochar types and application rates, as well as soil–plant-biochar-climate combinations.

KW - Biochar

KW - Watering regimes

KW - Leaf physiology

KW - Plant growth

KW - Trade-offs

KW - Eucalypt plants

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85122985749&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s42729-022-00767-2

DO - 10.1007/s42729-022-00767-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 22

SP - 1732

EP - 1742

JO - Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition

JF - Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition

SN - 0718-9508

IS - 2

ER -