Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters. / Wadham, J. L.; Tranter, M.; Skidmore, M.; Hodson, A. J.; Priscu, J.; Lyons, W. B.; Sharp, M.; Jackson, M.; Wynn, Peter.

In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles, Vol. 24, GB3025, 23.09.2010, p. -.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Wadham, JL, Tranter, M, Skidmore, M, Hodson, AJ, Priscu, J, Lyons, WB, Sharp, M, Jackson, M & Wynn, P 2010, 'Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol. 24, GB3025, pp. -. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003688

APA

Wadham, J. L., Tranter, M., Skidmore, M., Hodson, A. J., Priscu, J., Lyons, W. B., Sharp, M., Jackson, M., & Wynn, P. (2010). Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, -. [GB3025]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003688

Vancouver

Wadham JL, Tranter M, Skidmore M, Hodson AJ, Priscu J, Lyons WB et al. Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters. Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2010 Sep 23;24:-. GB3025. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003688

Author

Wadham, J. L. ; Tranter, M. ; Skidmore, M. ; Hodson, A. J. ; Priscu, J. ; Lyons, W. B. ; Sharp, M. ; Jackson, M. ; Wynn, Peter. / Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters. In: Global Biogeochemical Cycles. 2010 ; Vol. 24. pp. -.

Bibtex

@article{ce9c469aff9f4467a6b9f75aa193b8d7,
title = "Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters",
abstract = "The basal regions of continental ice sheets are gaps in our current understanding of the Earth's biosphere and biogeochemical cycles. We draw on existing and new chemical data sets for subglacial meltwaters to provide the first comprehensive assessment of sub-ice sheet biogeochemical weathering. We show that size of the ice mass is a critical control on the balance of chemical weathering processes and that microbial activity is ubiquitous in driving dissolution. Carbonate dissolution fueled by sulfide oxidation and microbial CO2 dominate beneath small valley glaciers. Prolonged meltwater residence times and greater isolation characteristic of ice sheets lead to the development of anoxia and enhanced silicate dissolution due to calcite saturation. We show that sub-ice sheet environments are highly geochemically reactive and should be considered in regional and global solute budgets. For example, calculated solute fluxes from Antarctica (72-130 t yr(-1)) are the same order of magnitude as those from some of the world's largest rivers and rates of chemical weathering (10-17 t km(-2) yr(-1)) are high for the annual specific discharge (2.3-4.1 x 10(-3) m). Our model of chemical weathering dynamics provides important information on subglacial biodiversity and global biogeochemical cycles and may be used to design strategies for the first sampling of Antarctic Subglacial Lakes and other sub-ice sheet environments for the next decade.",
keywords = "HIGH ARCTIC GLACIER, SUBGLACIAL LAKE VOSTOK, CHEMICAL DENUDATION, MASS-BALANCE, ANTARCTICA, SHEET, BENEATH, SWITZERLAND, ENVIRONMENTS, CHEMISTRY",
author = "Wadham, {J. L.} and M. Tranter and M. Skidmore and Hodson, {A. J.} and J. Priscu and Lyons, {W. B.} and M. Sharp and M. Jackson and Peter Wynn",
year = "2010",
month = sep,
day = "23",
doi = "10.1029/2009GB003688",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "--",
journal = "Global Biogeochemical Cycles",
issn = "0886-6236",
publisher = "AMER GEOPHYSICAL UNION",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biogeochemical weathering under ice: Size matters

AU - Wadham, J. L.

AU - Tranter, M.

AU - Skidmore, M.

AU - Hodson, A. J.

AU - Priscu, J.

AU - Lyons, W. B.

AU - Sharp, M.

AU - Jackson, M.

AU - Wynn, Peter

PY - 2010/9/23

Y1 - 2010/9/23

N2 - The basal regions of continental ice sheets are gaps in our current understanding of the Earth's biosphere and biogeochemical cycles. We draw on existing and new chemical data sets for subglacial meltwaters to provide the first comprehensive assessment of sub-ice sheet biogeochemical weathering. We show that size of the ice mass is a critical control on the balance of chemical weathering processes and that microbial activity is ubiquitous in driving dissolution. Carbonate dissolution fueled by sulfide oxidation and microbial CO2 dominate beneath small valley glaciers. Prolonged meltwater residence times and greater isolation characteristic of ice sheets lead to the development of anoxia and enhanced silicate dissolution due to calcite saturation. We show that sub-ice sheet environments are highly geochemically reactive and should be considered in regional and global solute budgets. For example, calculated solute fluxes from Antarctica (72-130 t yr(-1)) are the same order of magnitude as those from some of the world's largest rivers and rates of chemical weathering (10-17 t km(-2) yr(-1)) are high for the annual specific discharge (2.3-4.1 x 10(-3) m). Our model of chemical weathering dynamics provides important information on subglacial biodiversity and global biogeochemical cycles and may be used to design strategies for the first sampling of Antarctic Subglacial Lakes and other sub-ice sheet environments for the next decade.

AB - The basal regions of continental ice sheets are gaps in our current understanding of the Earth's biosphere and biogeochemical cycles. We draw on existing and new chemical data sets for subglacial meltwaters to provide the first comprehensive assessment of sub-ice sheet biogeochemical weathering. We show that size of the ice mass is a critical control on the balance of chemical weathering processes and that microbial activity is ubiquitous in driving dissolution. Carbonate dissolution fueled by sulfide oxidation and microbial CO2 dominate beneath small valley glaciers. Prolonged meltwater residence times and greater isolation characteristic of ice sheets lead to the development of anoxia and enhanced silicate dissolution due to calcite saturation. We show that sub-ice sheet environments are highly geochemically reactive and should be considered in regional and global solute budgets. For example, calculated solute fluxes from Antarctica (72-130 t yr(-1)) are the same order of magnitude as those from some of the world's largest rivers and rates of chemical weathering (10-17 t km(-2) yr(-1)) are high for the annual specific discharge (2.3-4.1 x 10(-3) m). Our model of chemical weathering dynamics provides important information on subglacial biodiversity and global biogeochemical cycles and may be used to design strategies for the first sampling of Antarctic Subglacial Lakes and other sub-ice sheet environments for the next decade.

KW - HIGH ARCTIC GLACIER

KW - SUBGLACIAL LAKE VOSTOK

KW - CHEMICAL DENUDATION

KW - MASS-BALANCE

KW - ANTARCTICA

KW - SHEET

KW - BENEATH

KW - SWITZERLAND

KW - ENVIRONMENTS

KW - CHEMISTRY

U2 - 10.1029/2009GB003688

DO - 10.1029/2009GB003688

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - -

JO - Global Biogeochemical Cycles

JF - Global Biogeochemical Cycles

SN - 0886-6236

M1 - GB3025

ER -