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Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis

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Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis. / Ratto, Fabrizia; Bruce, Toby; Chipabika, Gilson et al.
In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 289, No. 1988, 20221695, 07.12.2022.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ratto, F, Bruce, T, Chipabika, G, Mwamakamba, S, Mkandawire, R, Khan, Z, Mkindi, A, Pittchar, J, Sallu, SM, Whitfield, S, Wilson, K & Sait, SM 2022, 'Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis', Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 289, no. 1988, 20221695. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.1695

APA

Ratto, F., Bruce, T., Chipabika, G., Mwamakamba, S., Mkandawire, R., Khan, Z., Mkindi, A., Pittchar, J., Sallu, S. M., Whitfield, S., Wilson, K., & Sait, S. M. (2022). Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 289(1988), Article 20221695. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2022.1695

Vancouver

Ratto F, Bruce T, Chipabika G, Mwamakamba S, Mkandawire R, Khan Z et al. Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2022 Dec 7;289(1988):20221695. Epub 2022 Dec 7. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2022.1695

Author

Ratto, Fabrizia ; Bruce, Toby ; Chipabika, Gilson et al. / Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa : a meta-analysis. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2022 ; Vol. 289, No. 1988.

Bibtex

@article{3b4d69b30285459cb4168045bca33f84,
title = "Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis",
abstract = "Insect pests are a major challenge to smallholder crop production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where access to synthetic pesticides, which are linked to environmental and health risks, is often limited. Biological control interventions could offer a sustainable solution, yet an understanding of their effectiveness is lacking. We used a meta-analysis approach to investigate the effectiveness of commonly used biocontrol interventions and botanical pesticides on pest abundance (PA), crop damage (CD), crop yield (Y) and natural enemy abundance (NEA) when compared with controls with no biocontrol and with synthetic pesticides. We also evaluated whether the magnitude of biocontrol effectiveness was affected by type of biocontrol intervention, crop type, pest taxon, farm type and landscape configuration. Overall, from 99 studies on 31 crops, we found that compared to no biocontrol, biocontrol interventions reduced PA by 63%, CD by over 50% and increased Y by over 60%. Compared to synthetic pesticides, biocontrol resulted in comparable PA and Y, while NEA was 43% greater. Our results also highlighted that the potential for biocontrol to be modulated by landscape configuration is a critical knowledge gap in SSA. We show that biocontrol represents an effective tool for smallholder farmers, which can maintain yields without associated negative pesticide effects. Furthermore, the evidence presented here advocates strongly for including biocontrol practices in national and regional agricultural policies.",
keywords = "Evidence synthesis, conservation agriculture, predators, parasitoids, synthetic pesticides, botanical pesticides, insect pests",
author = "Fabrizia Ratto and Toby Bruce and Gilson Chipabika and Sithembile Mwamakamba and Rachel Mkandawire and Zeyaur Khan and Angela Mkindi and Jimmy Pittchar and Sallu, {Susannah M.} and Stephen Whitfield and Kenneth Wilson and Sait, {Steven M.}",
year = "2022",
month = dec,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2022.1695",
language = "English",
volume = "289",
journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing",
number = "1988",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biological control interventions reduce pest abundance and crop damage while maintaining natural enemies in sub-Saharan Africa

T2 - a meta-analysis

AU - Ratto, Fabrizia

AU - Bruce, Toby

AU - Chipabika, Gilson

AU - Mwamakamba, Sithembile

AU - Mkandawire, Rachel

AU - Khan, Zeyaur

AU - Mkindi, Angela

AU - Pittchar, Jimmy

AU - Sallu, Susannah M.

AU - Whitfield, Stephen

AU - Wilson, Kenneth

AU - Sait, Steven M.

PY - 2022/12/7

Y1 - 2022/12/7

N2 - Insect pests are a major challenge to smallholder crop production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where access to synthetic pesticides, which are linked to environmental and health risks, is often limited. Biological control interventions could offer a sustainable solution, yet an understanding of their effectiveness is lacking. We used a meta-analysis approach to investigate the effectiveness of commonly used biocontrol interventions and botanical pesticides on pest abundance (PA), crop damage (CD), crop yield (Y) and natural enemy abundance (NEA) when compared with controls with no biocontrol and with synthetic pesticides. We also evaluated whether the magnitude of biocontrol effectiveness was affected by type of biocontrol intervention, crop type, pest taxon, farm type and landscape configuration. Overall, from 99 studies on 31 crops, we found that compared to no biocontrol, biocontrol interventions reduced PA by 63%, CD by over 50% and increased Y by over 60%. Compared to synthetic pesticides, biocontrol resulted in comparable PA and Y, while NEA was 43% greater. Our results also highlighted that the potential for biocontrol to be modulated by landscape configuration is a critical knowledge gap in SSA. We show that biocontrol represents an effective tool for smallholder farmers, which can maintain yields without associated negative pesticide effects. Furthermore, the evidence presented here advocates strongly for including biocontrol practices in national and regional agricultural policies.

AB - Insect pests are a major challenge to smallholder crop production in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where access to synthetic pesticides, which are linked to environmental and health risks, is often limited. Biological control interventions could offer a sustainable solution, yet an understanding of their effectiveness is lacking. We used a meta-analysis approach to investigate the effectiveness of commonly used biocontrol interventions and botanical pesticides on pest abundance (PA), crop damage (CD), crop yield (Y) and natural enemy abundance (NEA) when compared with controls with no biocontrol and with synthetic pesticides. We also evaluated whether the magnitude of biocontrol effectiveness was affected by type of biocontrol intervention, crop type, pest taxon, farm type and landscape configuration. Overall, from 99 studies on 31 crops, we found that compared to no biocontrol, biocontrol interventions reduced PA by 63%, CD by over 50% and increased Y by over 60%. Compared to synthetic pesticides, biocontrol resulted in comparable PA and Y, while NEA was 43% greater. Our results also highlighted that the potential for biocontrol to be modulated by landscape configuration is a critical knowledge gap in SSA. We show that biocontrol represents an effective tool for smallholder farmers, which can maintain yields without associated negative pesticide effects. Furthermore, the evidence presented here advocates strongly for including biocontrol practices in national and regional agricultural policies.

KW - Evidence synthesis

KW - conservation agriculture

KW - predators

KW - parasitoids

KW - synthetic pesticides

KW - botanical pesticides

KW - insect pests

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2022.1695

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2022.1695

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 36475436

VL - 289

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1988

M1 - 20221695

ER -